Temperature sensing to as low as 80 K was demonstrated with 1.55-μm fiber Bragg gratings. The gratings were bonded on substrates to increase sensitivity, and a shift of the reflection wavelength was measured. The temperature sensitivity was 0.02 nm/K at 100 K when an aluminum substrate was used and 0.04 nm/K at 100 K when a poly(methyl methacrylate) substrate was used. These values are smaller than those at room temperature because of the nonlinearity of both the thermal expansion and the thermo-optic effect. Extension to the liquid helium temperature is also discussed.
© 1996 Optical Society of America
Sanjay Gupta, Toru Mizunami, Takashi Yamao, and Teruo Shimomura, "Fiber Bragg grating cryogenic temperature sensors," Appl. Opt. 35, 5202-5205 (1996)