Single optically levitated microparticles were investigated by Raman spectroscopy. The particles were composed of di-octyl-phthalate (DOP) and glycerol; these substances are not mixable and form a two-phase droplet. Measurements of the Raman spectrum confirm the formation of droplets containing both chemical species. The spectra show strong input and output structural resonances as expected. If the particle is in resonance, the field inside the particle is enhanced, and most of the inelastically scattered light is emitted from molecules close to the droplet rim. If the particle does not fulfill the resonance condition, the contribution of an individual molecule to the Raman scattering does not depend strongly on the radial position of this molecule. On this basis, the radial distribution of the two components inside the evaporating droplet was determined by time-dependent measurements of the Raman spectrum. Furthermore, elastic-light scattering and the evaporation characteristics of the particles were investigated.
© 1996 Optical Society of America
T. Kaiser, G. Roll, and G. Schweiger, "Investigation of coated droplets in an optical trap: Raman-scattering, elastic-light-scattering, and evaporation characteristics," Appl. Opt. 35, 5918-5924 (1996)