OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 35, Iss. 31 — Nov. 1, 1996
  • pp: 6236–6240

Spatially resolved phase imaging of a programmable liquid-crystal grating

L. J. Friedman, D. S. Hobbs, S. Lieberman, D. L. Corkum, H. Q. Nguyen, D. P. Resler, R. C. Sharp, and T. A. Dorschner  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 35, Issue 31, pp. 6236-6240 (1996)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (426 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Phase imaging is used to compare near-field measurements with the corresponding far-field intensity distribution. A liquid-crystal device serves as a phase object that can be programmed as a variable grating. Real-time phase visualization then provides an avenue for direct optimization of complex phase gratings.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: October 2, 1995
Revised Manuscript: January 5, 1996
Published: November 1, 1996

L. J. Friedman, D. S. Hobbs, S. Lieberman, D. L. Corkum, H. Q. Nguyen, D. P. Resler, R. C. Sharp, and T. A. Dorschner, "Spatially resolved phase imaging of a programmable liquid-crystal grating," Appl. Opt. 35, 6236-6240 (1996)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. M. Weffers, K. A. Nelson, “Programmable phase and amplitude femtosecond pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 18, 2032–2034 (1993). [CrossRef]
  2. H. Dammann, K. Gortler, “High-efficiency in-line multiple imaging by means of multiple phase holograms,” Opt. Commun. 3, 312–315 (1971). [CrossRef]
  3. A. Tanone, Z. Zhang, C. M. Uang, T. S. Yu, D. Gregory, “Optical beam steering using a liquid-crystal television panel,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 7, 285–289 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. R. M. Matic, “Blazed phase liquid crystal beam steering,” Laser Beam Propagation and Control Laser Power Beaming, H. Weichel, L. F. DeSandre, eds., Proc. SPIE2120, 194–205 (1994).
  5. B. Cassarly, J. M. Finlan, “Phase control of coherent diode laser arrays using liquid crystals,” in Laser Diode Technology and Applications, L. Figueroa, ed., Proc. SPIE1043, 130–137 (1989).
  6. D. P. Resler, D. S. Hobbs, R. C. Sharp, L. J. Friedman, T. A. Dorschner, “Optical phased array beam steering,” Opt. Lett. 21, 689–691 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. E. Greivenkamp, J. H. Gruning, “Phase shifting interferometers,” in Optical Shop Testing, D. Malacara, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1992), pp. 501–598.
  8. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1987), Chap. 14, p. 695.
  9. Z. Zhang, G. Lu, F. T. Yu, “Simple method for measuring phase modulation in liquid crystal televisions,” Opt. Eng. 33, 3018–3022 (1994). [CrossRef]
  10. D. A. Yocky, T. H. Barnes, K. Matsumoto, N. Ooyama, K. Matsuda, “Simple measurement of the phase modulation capability of liquid crystal phase-only light modulators,” Optik 84, 140–144 (1990).
  11. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1987), Chap. 7, p. 305.
  12. P. F. McManamon, T. A. Dorschner, D. C. Corkum, L. J. Friedman, D. S. Hobbs, M. K. Holz, S. Liberman, H. Nguyen, D. P. Resler, R. C. Sharp, E. A. Watson, “Optical phased array technology,” Proc. IEEE 84, 268–298 (1996). [CrossRef]
  13. U. Killat, G. Rabe, W. Rave, “Binary phase gratings for star couplers with high splitting ratio,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 4, 159–167 (1982). [CrossRef]
  14. J. R. Fienup, “Phase retrieval algorithms: a comparison,” Appl. Opt. 21, 2758–2769 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited