Excimer-laser microetching of a variety of materials is applied to the fabrication of surface-relief optical microstructures of arbitrary morphology, with particular emphasis on computer-generated holographic structures. High-definition, high-radiation-intensity selective laser ablative etching in conjunction with step-and-repeat (period) replication or raster (pixel) scanning is used. To support such developments, the characteristic etching properties of a wide range of solid materials, from metals to semiconductors and polymers, are studied. Optical-interconnect and generic object holograms are produced by means of this alternative one-step holographic information-recording method.
© 1996 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: October 16, 1995
Revised Manuscript: May 17, 1996
Published: November 10, 1996
N. A. Vainos, S. Mailis, S. Pissadakis, L. Boutsikaris, P. J. M. Parmiter, P. Dainty, and T. J. Hall, "Excimer laser use for microetching computer-generated holographic structures," Appl. Opt. 35, 6304-6319 (1996)