The magneto-optic Doppler analyzer (MODA) is a new type of passive optical instrument that one can use to measure the Doppler shift of the sodium nightglow emitted at approximately 91 km near the mesopause. From this measurement, horizontal wind signatures are inferred. The MODA is based on a sodium vapor magneto-optic filter that provides inherent wavelength stability at a low cost. The instrument has been used to take nightly zonal and meridional wind measurements since October 1994 at Niwot Ridge, Colorado (40 °N, 105 °W). We obtained an internally consistent wind signal and measured the semidiurnal tide for several seasons.
© 1996 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: October 12, 1995
Revised Manuscript: June 10, 1996
Published: November 20, 1996
Bifford P. Williams and Steven Tomczyk, "Magneto-optic Doppler analyzer: a new instrument to measure mesopause winds," Appl. Opt. 35, 6494-6503 (1996)