OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 35, Iss. 35 — Dec. 10, 1996
  • pp: 6934–6944

Components for the implementation of free-space optical crossbars

C. P. Barrett, P. Blair, G. S. Buller, D. T. Neilson, B. Robertson, E. C. Smith, M. R. Taghizadeh, and A. C. Walker  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 35, Issue 35, pp. 6934-6944 (1996)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.35.006934


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (446 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We describe an optical system developed to form the basis of a 64 × 64 free-space optical matrix–matrix crossbar switch. The design and performance of each of the main optical components is discussed: lenses, diffractive optical elements, and polarizing beamsplitters, together with the optomechanical hardware design. For these components, throughput levels of −6.9 dB have been achieved, which is compatible with full system operation at 10−12 bit error rates at ≥270 Mbits s−1.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: May 28, 1996
Published: December 10, 1996

Citation
C. P. Barrett, P. Blair, G. S. Buller, D. T. Neilson, B. Robertson, E. C. Smith, M. R. Taghizadeh, and A. C. Walker, "Components for the implementation of free-space optical crossbars," Appl. Opt. 35, 6934-6944 (1996)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-35-35-6934


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. A. Sawchuck, B. K. Jenkins, C. S. Raghavendra, A. Varma, “Optical crossbar networks,” Computer 20, 50–60 (1987). [CrossRef]
  2. K. H. Brenner, T. M. Merklein, “Implementation of an optical crossbar network based on directional switches,” Appl. Opt. 31, 2446–2451 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. J. Cloonan, “Free-space optical implementation of a feed-forward crossbar network,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2006–2012 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, “Self-routing crossbar packet switch employing free-space optics for chip-to-chip connections,” Appl. Opt. 30, 3721–3733 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. E. Berthold, “Broadband electronic switching,” IEEE LCS Mag. 1, 35 (1990). [CrossRef]
  6. H. J. White, G. M. Proudley, C. Stace, N. A. Brownjohn, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, B. Robertson, C. P. Barrett, W. A. Crossland, J. R. Brocklehurst, M. J. Birch, M. Snook, D. Vass, “Development of an optical free-space crossbar,” Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 139, 183–186 (1995).
  7. J. W. Goodman, A. R. Dias, L. M. Woody, “Fully parallel high-speed incoherent method for performing discrete Fourier transforms,” Opt. Lett. 2, 1–3 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. I. MacDonald, E. M. Hara, “Optoelectronic broadband switching array,” Electron. Lett. 14, 502–503 (1978). [CrossRef]
  9. A. G. Kirk, S. Jamieson, H. Imam, T. J. Hall, “Experimental implementation of an optoelectronic matrix–matrix multiplier which incorporates holographic multiple imaging,” Opt. Comput. Process. 2, 293–304 (1992).
  10. A. G. Kirk, W. A. Crossland, T. J. Hall, “A compact and scaleable free-space optical crossbar,” Proc. IEE 342, 137–141 (1991).
  11. G. M. Proudley, C. Stace, H. J. White, “Fabrication of 2D fiber optic arrays for an optical crossbar switch,” Opt. Eng. 33, 627–635 (1994). [CrossRef]
  12. I. Underwood, D. G. Vass, A. Ohara, D. C. Burns, P. W. Mcowan, J. Gourlay, “Improving the performance of liquid-crystal-over-silicon spatial light modulators—issues and achievements,” Appl. Opt. 33, 2768–2774 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. codev is an optical design package produced by Optical Research Associates, Pasadena, Calif.
  14. J. W. Goodman, “Fan-in and fan-out with optical interconnections,” Opt. Acta 32, 1489–1496 (1985). [CrossRef]
  15. J. M. Miller, “Synthesis of high efficiency diffractive optical elements,” Ph.D. dissertation (Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1993).
  16. J. M. Miller, M. R. Taghizadeh, J. Turunen, N. Ross, “Multilevel-grating array generators: Fabrication error analysis and experiments,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2519–2525 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. Vasara, M. R. Taghizadeh, J. Turunen, J. Westerholm, E. Noponen, H. Ichikawa, J. M. Miller, T. Jaakkola, S. Kuisma, “Binary surface-relief gratings for array illumination in digital optics,” Appl. Opt. 31, 3320–3336 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. R. L. Morrison, “Symmetries that simplify the design of spot array phase gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 464–471 (1992). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Ekberg, M. Larsson, S. Hård, J. Turunen, M. R. Taghizadeh, J. Westerholm, A. Vassara, “Multilevel grating array illuminators manufactured by electron-beam lithography,” Opt. Commun. 88, 37–41 (1992). [CrossRef]
  20. W. Parkes, S. Thoms, C. D. W. Wilkinson, “Application of electron-beam lithography to pattern submicron features in a beam-forming grating,” Microelectron. Eng. 23, 465–468 (1994). [CrossRef]
  21. S. M. MacNeille, “Beam splitter,” U.S. patent2,403,731 (July1946).
  22. J. L. Pezzaniti, R. A. Chipman, “Angular dependence of polarizing beam-splitter cubes,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1916–1929 (1994). [CrossRef]
  23. P. Meredith, G. S. Buller, A. C. Walker, “Improved method for determining the optical constants of thin films and its application to molecular beam deposited polycrystalline layers,” Appl. Opt. 32, 5619–5627 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. H. A. Macleod, Thin Film Optical Filters (Hilger, Bristol, UK, 1986). [CrossRef]
  25. F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Opto-mechanics of a free-space photonic switch: the components,” in Optomechanics and Dimensional Stability, R. A. Paquin, D. Vukobratovich, eds., Proc. SPIE 1533, 97–114 (1991).
  26. H. J. White, G. M. Proudley, C. Stace, N. A. Browjohn, R. Dawkins, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, C. P. Barrett, D. T. Neilson, W. A. Crossland, J. R. Brocklehurst, M. J. Birch, “The OCPM demonstrator system,” in Vol. 12 of OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), Post deadline paper PPd1.
  27. H. J. White, G. M. Proudley, C. Stace, N. A. Browjohn, A. C. Walker, M. R. Taghizadeh, B. Robertson, C. P. Barrett, W. A. Crossland, J. R. Brocklehurst, M. J. Birch, M. Snook, D. Vass, “Development of an optical free-space crossbar,” Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. 139, 183–186 (1995).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited