OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 35, Iss. 36 — Dec. 20, 1996
  • pp: 7128–7135

Airborne Raman lidar

Wm. S. Heaps and J. Burris  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 35, Issue 36, pp. 7128-7135 (1996)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (548 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We designed and tested an airborne lidar system using Raman scattering to make simultaneous measurements of methane, water vapor, and temperature in a series of flights on a NASA-operated C-130 aircraft. We present the results for methane detection, which show that the instrument has the requisite sensitivity to atmospheric trace gases. Ultimately these measurements can be used to examine the transport of chemically processed air from within the polar vortex to mid-latitudinal regions and the exchange of stratospheric air between tropical and mid-latitudinal regions.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: December 22, 1994
Revised Manuscript: April 2, 1996
Published: December 20, 1996

Wm. S. Heaps and J. Burris, "Airborne Raman lidar," Appl. Opt. 35, 7128-7135 (1996)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. J. Salawich, S. C. Wofsey, E. W. Gottlieb, L. R. Lait, P. A. Newman, M. R. Schoeberl, M. Loewenstein, J. R. Podolske, S. E. Strahan, M. H. Proffitt, C. R. Webster, R. D. May, D. W. Fahey, D. Baumgardiner, J. E. Dye, J. C. Wilson, K. K. Kelly, J. W. Elkins, K. R. Chan, J. G. Anderson, “Chemical loss of ozone in the arctic polar vortex in the winter of 1991–1992,” Science 261, 1146–1149 (1993).
  2. M. H. Proffitt, K. Aikin, J. J. Margitan, M. Loewenstein, J. R. Podolske, A. Weaver, K. R. Chan, H. Fast, J. W. Elkins, “Ozone loss inside the northern polar vortex during the 1991–1992 winter,” Science 261, 1150–1154 (1993).
  3. R. Stolarski, P. Bloomfield, R. D. McPeters, J. R. Herman, “Total ozone trends deduced from Nimbus 7 toms data,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 18, 1015–1018 (1991).
  4. M. Schoeberl, L. R. Lait, P. A. Newman, J. E. Rosenfield, “The structure of the polar vortex,” J. Geophys. Res. 97, 7859–7882 (1992).
  5. D. Waugh, R. A. Plumb, P. A. Newman, M. R. Schoeberl, L. R. Lait, M. Loewenstein, J. R. Podolske, J. W. Elkins, K. R. Chan, “Fine scale, poleward transport of tropical air during AASE2,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 2603–2606 (1994).
  6. R. Plumb, D. W. Waugh, R. J. Atkinson, P. A. Newman, L. R. Lait, M. R. Schoeberl, E. V. Browell, A. S. Simmons, M. Loewenstein, “Intrusions into the lower stratosphere arctic vortex during the winter of 1991–1992,” J. Geophys. Res. 99, 1089–1105 (1994).
  7. M. P. McCormick, C. R. Trepte, M. C. Pitts, “Persistence of polar stratospheric clouds in the southern polar region,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 11241–11251 (1989).
  8. W. Heaps, T. J. McGee, R. D. Hudson, L. O. Caudill, “Balloon-borne lidar system for the measurement of stratospheric hydroxyl and ozone,” Appl. Opt. 21, 2265–2274 (1982).
  9. C. Gardiner, D. G. Velz, C. F. Sechrist, A. C. Segal, “Lidar studies of the nighttime sodium layer over Urbana, Illinois. 1. Seasonal and nocturnal variations,” J. Geophys. Res. 91, 13659–13673 (1986).
  10. T. J. McGee, D. Whiteman, R. Ferrare, J. J. Butler, J. Burris, “STROZ LITE: stratospheric ozone lidar trailer experiment,” Appl. Opt. 30, 29–31 (1991).
  11. E. V. Browell, T. D. Wilkerson, T. J. McIlrath, “Water vapor differential absorption lidar development and evaluation,” Appl. Opt. 18, 3474–3483 (1979).
  12. S. H. Melfi, D. Whiteman, R. Ferrare, “Observation of atmospheric fronts using Raman lidar moisture measurements,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 28, 789–805 (1989).
  13. W. Knippers, K. Van Helvoort, S. Stolte, “Vibrational overtones of the homonuclear diatomics (N2, O2, D2) observed by the spontaneous Raman effect,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 121, 279–286 (1985).
  14. M. A. Buldakov, B. V. Korolev, I. I. Matrosov, T. N. Popova, “Overtone bands in Raman spectra of nitrogen and oxygen,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR), 63, 460–461 (1987).
  15. R. M. Measures, Laser Remote Sensing (Wiley, New York, 1983).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited