OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 35, Iss. 8 — Mar. 10, 1996
  • pp: 1282–1295

VCSEL-array-based angle-multiplexed optoelectronic crossbar interconnects

Yao Li, Ting Wang, and Richard A. Linke  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 35, Issue 8, pp. 1282-1295 (1996)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.35.001282


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (644 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A large crossbar switch, which is a desirable building block for any low-latency interconnect network, is difficult to implement because of many practical problems associated with digital electronics. We propose a new method for implementing a large optoelectronic crossbar interconnect to take advantage of a unique principle of optics. Based on an emerging vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) technology, a passive angle-multiplexed beam-steering architecture is proposed as a key component of the optoelectronic crossbar. Various optical system parameters are evaluated. Because there is no optical fan-out power loss, the interconnect capacity of the proposed system is determined by the diffraction-limited receiver power cutoff, and therefore interconnection of more than 1000 nodes with a per node bandwidth of 1 GHz is possible with today's technology. A 64-element VCSEL-array-based proof-of-principle optical system for studying the interconnect scalability has been built. Details of the features of the proposed system, its advantages and limitations, demonstration experimental results, and their analyses are presented.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: May 30, 1995
Revised Manuscript: August 30, 1995
Published: March 10, 1996

Citation
Yao Li, Ting Wang, and Richard A. Linke, "VCSEL-array-based angle-multiplexed optoelectronic crossbar interconnects," Appl. Opt. 35, 1282-1295 (1996)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-35-8-1282


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. W. Goodman, F. I. Leonberger, S. Y. Kung, R. A. Athale, “Optical interconnections for VLSI systems,” Proc. IEEE 72, 850–866 (1984).
  2. R. Barakat, J. Reif, “Lower bounds on the computational efficiency of optical computing systems,” Appl. Opt. 26, 1015–1018 (1987).
  3. N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, E. Hasman, “On the limits of optical interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 31, 5426–5430 (1992).
  4. S. K. Tewksbury, “Interconnections within microelectronic systems,” in Microelectronic System Interconnections, Performance and Modeling, S. K. Tewksbury, ed. (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1994), pp. 1–50.
  5. S. Kinoshita, K. Iga, “Circular buried heterodtructure (CBH) GaAlAs/GaAs surface emitting lasers” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 882–888 (1987).
  6. J. L. Jewell, A. Scherer, S. L. McCall, Y. H. Lee, S. Walker, J. P. Harbison, J. T. Florez, “Low-threshold vertical-cavity surface emitting microlasers” Electron. Lett. 25, 1123–1124 (1989).
  7. A. Hartmann, S. Redfield, “Design sketches for optical crossbar switches intended for large-scale parallel processing applications” Opt. Eng. 28, 315–327 (1989).
  8. J. Ghosh, A. Varma, “Reduction of simultaneous-switching noise in large crossbar networks,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. 38, 86–99 (1991).
  9. C. Clos, “A study of non-blocking switching networks” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 32, 406–424 (1953).
  10. V. E. Benes, “Heuristic remarks and mathematical problems regarding the theory of switching systems” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 41, 1201–1247 (1962).
  11. H. S. Stone, “Parallel processing with the perfect shuffle,” IEEE Trans. Comput. C-20, 153–161 (1971).
  12. Y. M. Yeh, T. Y. Feng, “On a class of rearrangeable networks,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 41, 1361–1379 (1992).
  13. A. Himeno, M. Kobayashi, “4 × 4 optical-gate matrix switch” J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 230–235 (1985).
  14. A. D. McAulay, “Optical crossbar signal processor,” in Real-Time Signal Processing VIII, K. Bromley, W. J. Miceli, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.564, 131–138 (1985).
  15. A. A. Sawchuk, B. K. Jenkins, C. S. Raghavendra, A. Varma, “Optical crossbar networks,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 36, 50–60 (1987).
  16. D. O. Harris, “Multichannel acousto-optic crossbar switch,” Appl. Opt. 30, 4245–4256 (1991).
  17. M. Fukui, K. Kitayama, “Design considerations of the optical image crossbar switch,” Appl. Opt. 31, 5542–5547 (1992).
  18. A. Chiou, P. Yeh, “Energy efficiency of optical interconnections using photorefractive holograms,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1111–1117 (1990).
  19. Y. Li, T. Wang, Z. G. Pan, J. Sharony, “Minimum-complexity free-space optical nonblocking networks for multicast interconnect applications” Opt. Lett. 19, 515–517 (1994).
  20. I. Redmond, E. Schenfeld, “Experimental results of a 64 channel, free-space optical interconnection network for massively parallel processing,” presented at The International Conference on Optical Computing, Edinburgh, U.K., 22–25 August 1994.
  21. V. Gupta, E. Schenfeld, “Performance analysis of a synchronous, circuit-switched interconnection cached network,” in Proceedings of the Eighth ACM International Conference on Supercomputing (ICS’94), (Association for Computing Machinery, New York, 1994), pp. 246–255.
  22. H. J. Caulfield, “Parallel N4 weighted optical interconnections,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4039–4040 (1987).
  23. J. W. Goodman, “Fan-in and fan-out with optical interconnects,” Opt. Acta 32, 1489–1492 (1985).
  24. C. W. Stirk, “Bit-error rate of optical logic: fan-in, threshold, and contrast,” Appl. Opt. 31, 5632–5641 (1992).
  25. B. L. Kasper, “Receiver design,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunications II, S. E. Miller, I. P. Kaminow, eds. (Academic, New York, 1988), Chap. 18, pp. 689–722.
  26. Y. Li, H. Kosaka, T. Wang, S. Kawai, K. Kasahara, “Applications of fiber image guides to bit-parallel optical interconnections,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper OThB5.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited