OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 35, Iss. 8 — Mar. 10, 1996
  • pp: 1296–1308

Feasibility study of a scalable optical interconnection network for massively parallel processing systems

Ahmed Louri and Stephen Furlonge  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 35, Issue 8, pp. 1296-1308 (1996)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.35.001296


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (367 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The theoretical modeling of a novel topology for scalable optical interconnection networks, called optical multimesh hypercube (OMMH), is developed to predict size, bit rate, bit-error rate, power budget, noise, efficiency, interconnect distance, pixel density, and misalignment sensitivity. The numerical predictions are validated with experimental data from commercially available products to assess the effects of various thermal, system, and geometric parameters on the behavior of the sample model. OMMH is a scalable network architecture that combines positive features of the hypercube (small diameter, regular, symmetric, and fault tolerant) and the mesh (constant node degree and size scalability). The OMMH is implemented by a free-space imaging system incorporated with a space-invariant hologram for the hypercube links and fiber optics to provide the mesh connectivity. The results of this work show that the free-space links can operate at 368 Mbits/s and the fiber-based links at 228 Mbits/s for a bit-error rate of 10−17per channel. The predicted system size for 32 nodes in the OMMH is 4.16 mm × 4.16 mm × 3.38 cm. Using 16-bit, bit-parallel transmission per node, the system can operate at a bit rate of up to 5.88 Gbits/s for a size of 1.04 cm × 1.04 cm × 3.38 cm.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: June 14, 1995
Revised Manuscript: October 26, 1995
Published: March 10, 1996

Citation
Ahmed Louri and Stephen Furlonge, "Feasibility study of a scalable optical interconnection network for massively parallel processing systems," Appl. Opt. 35, 1296-1308 (1996)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-35-8-1296


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. Louri, H. Sung, “Efficient implementation methodology for three-dimensional space-invariant hypercube-based free-space optical interconnection networks,” Appl. Opt. 32, 7200–7209 (1993).
  2. A. Louri, H. Sung, “Scalable optical hypercube-based interconnection network for massively parallel computing,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7588–7598 (1994).
  3. A. Louri, H. Sung, “An optical multi-mesh hypercube: a scalable optical interconnection network for massively parallel computing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 704–716 (1994).
  4. S. Tang, R. T. Chen, L. Garrett, D. Gerold, M. M. Li, “Design limitations of highly parallel free-space optical interconnects based on arrays of vertical cavity surface-emitting laser diodes, microlenses, and photodetectors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1971–1975 (1994).
  5. J. Neff, “Optical interconnects based on two-dimensional VCSEL arrays,” in IEEE Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Massively Parallel Processing Using Optical Interconnections (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1994), pp. 202–212.
  6. G. Olbright, “VCSELs could revolutionize optical communications,” Photon. Spectra, 29, 98–101 (1995).
  7. S. Kawai, H. Kurita, I. Ogura, “Optical switching networks using free-space wavelength-division multiplexing interconnections,” Inst. Electron. Inf. Commun. Eng. (Jpn) Trans. Electron. E78-C, 81–84 (1995).
  8. I. Ogura, K. Kurihara, S. Kawai, M. Kahita, K. Kasahara, “A multiple wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) array for optical interconnection,” Inst. Electron. Inf. Commun. Eng. (Jpn) Trans. Electron. E78-C, 22–27 (1995).
  9. A. E. Willner, C. H. Chang-Hasnain, J. E. Leight, “2-D WDM optical interconnections using multiple-wavelength VCSELs for simultaneous and reconfigurable communication among many planes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5,838–841 (1993).
  10. Y. Motegi, A. Takai, “Optical interconnection modules utilizing fiber-optic parallel transmission to enhance information throughput,” Hitachi Rev. 43, 79–82 (1994).
  11. A. Takai, H. Abe, T. Kato, “Subsystem optical interconnections using long wavelength laser diode arrays and singlemode fiber arrays,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 260–270 (1994).
  12. G. Nakagawa, K. Miura, M. Makiuchi, M. Yano, “Highly efficient coupling between LD array and optical fiber array using Si microlens array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1056–1058 (1993).
  13. F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. M. Sasian, H. S. Hinton, “Optical interconnections using microlens arrays,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, S465–S477 (1992).
  14. D. Marcuse, “Loss analysis of single-mode fiber splices,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703–718 (1977).
  15. B. Acklin, J. Jahns, “Packaging considerations for planar optical interconnection systems,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1391–1397 (1994).
  16. R. D. Smith, S. D. Personick, “Receiver design for optical fiber communication systems,” in Semiconductor Devices for Optical Communications, H. Kressel, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1987), Chap. 4.
  17. T. V. Moui, “Receiver design for high-speed optical fiber systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 243–267 (1984).
  18. F. B. McCormick, “Free-space interconnection techniques,” in Photonics in Switching: Volume II, Systems, J. E. Midwinter, ed. (Academic, New York, 1993), Chap. 4.
  19. S. Sinzinger, J. Jahns, “Variations of the hybrid imaging concept for optical computing applications,” in Optical Computing, Vol. 10 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 183–185.
  20. J. Jahns, F. Sauer, B. Tell, K. Brown-Goebeler, A. Feldblum, W. Townsend, C. Nijander, “Parallel optical interconnections using surface-emitting microlasers and a hybrid imaging system,” Opt. Commun. 109, 328–337 (1994).
  21. R. S. L. J. Camp, M. R. Feldman, “Guided-wave and free-space optical interconnects for parallel processing systems: a comparison,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6168–6180 (1994).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited