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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 36, Iss. 10 — Apr. 1, 1997
  • pp: 2048–2057

Graded-index diffractive structures fabricated by thermal ion exchange

Risto-Pekka Salmio, Jyrki Saarinen, Jari Turunen, and Ari Tervonen  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 36, Issue 10, pp. 2048-2057 (1997)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.36.002048


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Abstract

High-efficiency diffractive elements with a continuous phase-modulation capability can be realized either by means of a surface profile or a refractive-index distribution. We consider the latter approach, expanding on our recent proposal [Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 917 (1995)] to fabricate graded-index diffractive structures by thermal ion exchange in glass. A rapid approximate method is developed to obtain a predesign of the ion-exchange mask, which is then refined by parametric optimization based on solutions of the full diffusion problem. The use of two consecutive ion-exchange steps and postbaking to enhance the designs is investigated, and some experimental results are provided.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: June 4, 1996
Published: April 1, 1997

Citation
Risto-Pekka Salmio, Jyrki Saarinen, Jari Turunen, and Ari Tervonen, "Graded-index diffractive structures fabricated by thermal ion exchange," Appl. Opt. 36, 2048-2057 (1997)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-36-10-2048

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