OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 36, Iss. 14 — May. 10, 1997
  • pp: 3165–3173

Laboratory validation of range-resolved reflective tomography signal-to-noise expressions

Charles L. Matson and Jim Boger  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 36, Issue 14, pp. 3165-3173 (1997)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (295 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The Air Force Phillips Laboratory is in the process of demonstrating an advanced space surveillance capability with a heterodyne laser radar (ladar) system. Notable features of this ladar system include its narrow micropulses (<1.5 ns) contained in a pulse-burst wave form that allows high-resolution range data to be obtained and its high power (30 J/pulse burst) that permits reasonable signal returns from satellites. Recently, time-resolved image-domain signal-to-noise ratios have been derived for both the intensity projections calculated from the range-resolved reflective data and image information obtained with linear combinations of the projections. In this paper the signal-to-noise expression for intensity projections is validated by laboratory data.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Charles L. Matson and Jim Boger, "Laboratory validation of range-resolved reflective tomography signal-to-noise expressions," Appl. Opt. 36, 3165-3173 (1997)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. K. Parker, E. B. Craig, D. I. Klick, F. K. Knight, S. R. Kulkarni, R. M. Marino, J. R. Senning, and B. K. Tussey, “Reflective tomography: images from range-resolved laser radar measurements,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2642–2643 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. F. K. Knight, D. I. Klick, D. P. Ryan-Howard, J. R. Theriault, Jr., B. K. Tussey, and A. M. Beckman, “Two-dimensional tomographs using range measurements,” in Laser Radar III, R. J. Becherer, ed., Proc. SPIE 999, 269–280 (1988).
  3. R. M. Marino, R. N. Capes, W. E. Keicher, S. R. Kulkarni, J. K. Parker, L. W. Swezey, J. R. Senning, M. F. Reiley, and E. B. Craig, “Tomographic image reconstruction from laser radar reflective projections,” in Laser Radar III, R. J. Becherer, ed., Proc. SPIE 999, 248–268 (1988).
  4. R. M. Gagliardi and S. Karp, Optical Communications, (Wiley, New York, 1976).
  5. A. Yariv, Introduction to Optical Electronics, 2nd ed. (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1976).
  6. C. L. Matson, E. P. Magee, and D. E. Holland, “Reflective tomography using a short-pulselength laser: system analysis for artificial satellite imaging,” Opt. Eng. 34, 2811–2820 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. C. L. Matson, “Short pulselength heterodyne laser radar reflective tomography: projection generation and signal-to-noise ratios,” in Radar/Ladar Processing and Applications, W. J. Miceli, ed., Proc. SPIE 2562, 184–194 (1995). [CrossRef]
  8. C. L. Matson and J. Boger, “Laboratory validation of heterodyne laser radar signal-to-noise expressions for intensity projection generation and image reconstruction,” in Radar/Ladar Processing and Applications, W. J. Miceli, ed., Proc. SPIE 2562, 195–202 (1995). [CrossRef]
  9. C. L. Matson, “Tomographic satellite image reconstruction using ladar E-field or intensity projections: computer simulation results,” in Advanced Imaging Technologies and Commercial Applications, N. Clark and J. D. Gonglewski, eds., Proc. SPIE 2566, 166–176 (1995). [CrossRef]
  10. C. L. Matson, “Reconstructed image signal-to-noise issues in range-resolved reflective tomography,” Opt. Commun. 137, 343–358 (1988). [CrossRef]
  11. H. Z. Cummins and H. L. Swinney, “Light beating spectroscopy,” Vol. 8 of Progress in Optics Series (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1967).
  12. M. Elbaum and M. C. Teich, “Heterodyne detection of random Gaussian signals in the optical and infrared: optimization of pulse duration,” Opt. Commun. 27, 257–261 (1978). [CrossRef]
  13. J. H. Shapiro, B. A. Capron, and R. C. Harney, “Imaging and target detection with a heterodyne-reception optical radar,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3292–3313 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. L. Kachelmyer, “Range-Doppler imaging: waveforms and receiver design,” in Laser Radar III, R. J. Becherer, ed., Proc. SPIE 999, 138–161 (1988).
  15. C. L. Matson, D. Holland, S. Czyzak, D. Pierrottet, and D. Ruffatto, “Heterodyne laser radar for space object imaging: results from recent field experiments,” in Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems, A. Kohnle, ed., Proc. SPIE 2580, 288–295 (1995). [CrossRef]
  16. M. E. Bair, D. Carmer, D. Zuk, and G. Suits, “Determination of satellite observables: Volume IV, optical properties of satellite materials,” NTIS report AD-782 093 (National Technical Information Service, University of Maryland, College Park, Md., 1974).
  17. D. Letalick and I. Renhorn, “Phase front and signal-to-noise measurements in a coherent CO2 laser radar system,” 5th Conference on Coherent Laser Radar: Technology and Applications, J. W. Bilbro and C. Werner, eds., Proc. SPIE 1181, 190–195 (1989). [CrossRef]
  18. W. W. Hines and D. C. Montgomery, Probability and Statistics in Engineering and Management Science (Wiley, New York, 1980).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited