OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 36, Iss. 15 — May. 20, 1997
  • pp: 3217–3226

Dual-pump coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering measurements of nitrogen and oxygen in a laminar jet diffusion flame

Robert D. Hancock, Frederick R. Schauer, Robert P. Lucht, and Roger L. Farrow  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 36, Issue 15, pp. 3217-3226 (1997)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.36.003217


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (602 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Dual-pump coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) has been demonstrated for the simultaneous measurement of gas-phase temperature and concentrations of molecular nitrogen and oxygen. A polarization technique was used to vary the relative intensities of the two CARS signals and expand the dynamic range of the relative concentration measurements. Detailed temperature and oxygen mole fraction measurements were performed in the stabilization region of a hydrogen–nitrogen jet diffusion flame. These results indicate that there is a region below the nozzle exit where significant amounts of oxygen are found on the fuel side of the peak flame temperature profile.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: August 12, 1996
Revised Manuscript: November 27, 1996
Published: May 20, 1997

Citation
Robert D. Hancock, Frederick R. Schauer, Robert P. Lucht, and Roger L. Farrow, "Dual-pump coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering measurements of nitrogen and oxygen in a laminar jet diffusion flame," Appl. Opt. 36, 3217-3226 (1997)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-36-15-3217


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. P. R. Regnier, J. P. E. Taran, “On the possibility of measuring gas concentrations by stimulated anti-Stokes scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 240–242 (1973). [CrossRef]
  2. P. R. Regnier, F. Moya, J. P. E. Taran, “Gas concentration by coherent Raman anti-Stokes scattering,” AIAA J. 12, 826–831 (1974). [CrossRef]
  3. F. S. Moya, S. A. J. Druet, J. P. E. Taran, “Gas spectroscopy and temperature measurement by coherent Raman anti-Stokes scattering,” Opt. Commun. 13, 169–174 (1975). [CrossRef]
  4. F. S. Moya, S. A. J. Druet, J. P. E. Taran, “Flame investigation by coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,” in Experimental Diagnostics in Gas Phase Combustion Systems, Vol. 53 of Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics Series, B. T. Zinn, ed. (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, New York, 1977), pp. 549–574.
  5. K. Aron, L. E. Harris, “CARS probe of RDX decomposition,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 103, 413–417 (1983). [CrossRef]
  6. K. Aron, L. E. Harris, J. Fendell, “N2 and CO vibrational CARS and H2 rotational CARS spectroscopy of CH4–N2O flames,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3604–3611 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. C. Eckbreth, T. J. Anderson, G. M. Dobbs, “Conditional sampling for fuel and soot in CARS thermometry,” in Proceedings of the Twenty-First Symposium (International) on Combustion, (The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1988), pp. 1747–1753. [CrossRef]
  8. F. Y. Yueh, E. J. Beiting, “Simultaneous N2, CO, and H2 multiplex CARS measurements in combustion environments using a single dye laser,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3233–3243 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. H. Stufflebeam, A. C. Eckbreth, “CARS diagnostics of solid propellant combustion at elevated pressure,” Combust. Sci. Technol. 66, 167–179 (1989). [CrossRef]
  10. A. C. Eckbreth, T. J. Anderson, “Dual broadband CARS for simultaneous, multiple species measurements,” Appl. Opt. 24, 2731–2736 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. C. Eckbreth, T. J. Anderson, “Dual broadband USED CARS,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1534–1536 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. C. Eckbreth, T. J. Anderson, “Multi-color CARS for simultaneous measurements of multiple combustion species,” in Laser Applications to Chemical Dynamics, M. A. El-Sayed, ed., Proc. SPIE742, 34–41 (1987). [CrossRef]
  13. L. Martinsson, P.-E. Bengtsson, M. Aldén, “Oxygen concentration and temperature measurements in N2–O2 mixtures using rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 62, 29–37 (1996). [CrossRef]
  14. P.-E. Bengtsson, L. Martinsson, M. Aldén, “Combined vibrational and rotational CARS for simultaneous measurements of temperature and concentration of fuel, oxygen, and nitrogen,” Appl. Spectrosc. 49, 188–192 (1995). [CrossRef]
  15. R. R. Antcliff, O. Jarrett, “Multispecies coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering instrument for turbulent combustion,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 2075–2080 (1987). [CrossRef]
  16. A. C. Eckbreth, T. J. Anderson, G. M. Dobbs, “Multi-color CARS for hydrogen-fueled scramjet applications,” Appl. Phys. B 45, 215–223 (1988). [CrossRef]
  17. K. Boyack, P. O. Hedman, “Dual-Stokes CARS system for simultaneous measurement of temperature and multiple species in turbulent flames,” in Proceedings of the Twenty-Third Symposium (International) on Combustion (The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1990), pp. 1893–1899.
  18. R. E. Teets, “Three-color coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,” presented at the 1985 International Laser Science Conference, Dallas, Tex., 18–22 November 1985.
  19. R. P. Lucht, “Three-laser coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering measurements of two species,” Opt. Lett. 12, 78–80 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. R. P. Lucht, R. E. Palmer, M. A. Maris, “Simultaneous acquisition of pure rotational and vibrational nitrogen spectra using three-laser coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 12, 386–388 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. L. A. Rahn, L. J. Zych, P. L. Mattern, “Background-free CARS studies of carbon monoxide in a flame,” Opt. Commun. 30, 249–252 (1979). [CrossRef]
  22. J. W. Nibler, G. V. Knighten, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” in Vol. 11 of Topics in Current Physics Series, A. Weber, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Stuttgart, 1977), pp. 253–297.
  23. A. Owyoung, “The origins of the nonlinear refractive indices of liquids and glasses,” Ph.D. dissertation (California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif., 1971).
  24. R. L. Farrow, R. P. Lucht, G. L. Clark, R. E. Palmer, “Species concentration measurements using CARS with nonresonant susceptibility normalization,” Appl. Opt. 24, 2241–2251 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. R. E. Palmer, “The carsft computer code for calculating coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectra: user and programmer information,” (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, Calif., 1989).
  26. R. D. Hancock, K. E. Bertagnolli, R. P. Lucht, “Nitrogen and hydrogen CARS temperature measurements in a hydrogen/air flame using a near-adiabatic flat-flame burner,” Combust. Flame (1997), in press. [CrossRef]
  27. J. A. Shirley, R. J. Hall, A. C. Eckbreth, “Folded BOXCARS for rotational Raman studies,” Opt. Lett. 5, 380–382 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. D. J. Rakestraw, R. P. Lucht, T. Dreier, “Use of a charge-coupled device camera for broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering measurements,” Appl. Opt. 28, 4116–4120 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. K. Hencken, Research Technologies, Inc., San Ramon, Calif. (personal communication, 1995).
  30. S. Gordon, B. J. McBride, “Computer program for calculation of complex chemical equilibrium compositions, rocket performance, incident and reflected shocks, and Chapman–Jouguet detonations,” (NASA, Washington, D.C., 1976).
  31. T. Dreier, G. Schiff, “High temperature O2-CARS thermometry,” Appl. Phys. B 55, 388–390 (1992). [CrossRef]
  32. S. Fukutani, N. Kunioshi, H. Jinno, “Flame structure and axisymmetric hydrogen–air diffusion flames,” in Dynamics of Deflagrations and Reactive Systems: Flames, Vol. 131 of Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics Series, A. L. Kuhl, J.-C. Leyer, A. A. Borisov, W. A. Sirignano, eds. (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Washington, D.C., 1990), pp. 111–124.
  33. F. Takahashi, V. R. Katta, “A numerical study of the stability of methane jet diffusion flames,” presented at Central States Section/The Combustion Institute, St. Louis, Mo., 5–7 May 1996.
  34. F. Takahashi, V. R. Katta, “A further analysis of the stabilizing region of methane jet diffusion flames,” presented at Eastern States Section/The Combustion Institute, Hilton Head, S.C., 9–11 December 1996.
  35. M. D. Smooke, R. E. Mitchell, D. E. Keyes, “Numerical solution of two-dimensional axisymmetric laminar diffusion flames,” Combust. Sci. Technol. 67, 85–122 (1989). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited