OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 36, Iss. 15 — May. 20, 1997
  • pp: 3342–3348

Synthetic spectra: a tool for correlation spectroscopy

Michael B. Sinclair, Michael A. Butler, Anthony J. Ricco, and Stephen D. Senturia  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 36, Issue 15, pp. 3342-3348 (1997)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (262 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We show that computer-generated diffractive optical elements can be used to synthesize the infrared spectra of important compounds, and we describe a modified phase-retrieval algorithm useful for the design of elements of this type. In particular, we present the results of calculations of diffractive elements that are capable of synthesizing portions of the infrared spectra of gaseous hydrogen fluoride (HF) and trichloroethylene (TCE). Further, we propose a new type of correlation spectrometer that uses these diffractive elements rather than reference cells for the production of reference spectra. Storage of a large number of diffractive elements, each producing a synthetic spectrum corresponding to a different target compound, in compact-disk-like format will allow a spectrometer of this type to rapidly determine the composition of unknown samples. Other advantages of the proposed correlation spectrometer are also discussed.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: May 23, 1996
Published: May 20, 1997

Michael B. Sinclair, Michael A. Butler, Anthony J. Ricco, and Stephen D. Senturia, "Synthetic spectra: a tool for correlation spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 36, 3342-3348 (1997)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. Goody, “Cross-correlating spectrometer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 900–908 (1968). [CrossRef]
  2. H. O. Edwards, J. P. Daikin, “Gas sensors using correlation spectroscopy compatible with fibre-optic operation,” Sensors Actuators B 11, 9–19 (1993). [CrossRef]
  3. F. W. Taylor, J. T. Houghton, G. D. Peskett, C. D. Rodgers, E. J. Williamson, “Radiometer for remote sounding of the upper atmosphere,” Appl. Opt. 11, 135–141 (1972). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Strong, “Balloon telescope optics,” Appl. Opt. 6, 179–189 (1967). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. de Frutos, J. M. Rodríguez, F. López, A. J. de Castro, J. Meléndez, J. Meneses, “Electrooptical infrared compact gas sensor,” Sensors Actuators B 18–19, 682–686 (1994). [CrossRef]
  6. T. Chen, “Wavelength-modulated optical gas sensors,” Sensors Actuators B 13–14, 284–287 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. The adjective holographic is used, not because holography is used to produce the diffractive elements, but because like white-light holograms, the diffractive elements are designed to simultaneously diffract several wavelengths of light at a common diffraction angle.
  8. D. M. Rider, J. T. Schofield, J. S. Margolis, D. J. McCleese, “Electrooptic phase modulation gas correlation spectroscopy: laboratory demonstration,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2860–2862 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968), Chap. 4, pp. 57–74.
  10. R. W. Gerchberg, W. O. Saxton, “A practical algorithm for the determination of phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik 35, 237–246 (1972).
  11. J. R. Fienup, “Phase retrieval algorithms: a comparison,” Appl. Opt. 21, 2758–2769 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. F. Wyrowski, O. Bryngdahl, “Iterative Fourier-transform algorithm applied to computer holography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 1058–1065 (1988). [CrossRef]
  13. F. Wyrowski, “Diffractive optical elements: iterative calculation of quantized blazed phase structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 961–969 (1990). [CrossRef]
  14. T. Peter, F. Wyrowski, O. Bryngdahl, “Comparison of iterative methods to calculate quantized digital holograms,” in Workshop on Digital Holography, F. Wyrowski, ed., Proc. SPIE1718, 55–62 (1992). [CrossRef]
  15. The infrared spectra were obtained from Infrared Analysis, Inc., 1334 North Knollwood Circle, Anaheim, Calif., 92801.
  16. O. Solgaard, F. S. A. Sandejas, D. M. Bloom, “Deformable grating optical modulator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 688–690 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. The pull-in voltage is the voltage necessary to cause a flexure-supported, micromachined element to snap down into contact with the underlying substrate.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited