Optical limiting, pulse reshaping, and stabilization effects have been demonstrated based on a two-photon absorption mechanism with a dye-solution-filled hollow fiber system. The nonlinear absorptive medium is the solution of a new dye, trans-4-[p-(N-hydroxyethyl-N-methylamino)styryl]-N-methylpyridinium iodide (ASPI) in dimethyl sulfoxide, with which we filled a 20-cm-long quartz hollow fiber of 100-μm internal diameter. The input optical signal was a laser pulse train that contained ~30 pulses of 130-ps pulse width. When the input peak intensity reached 400–1000-MW/cm2 levels, obvious optical limiting could be observed and the envelope of the transmitted pulse train became flatter and broader. By using another new dye solution, 4-[N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-(methyl)amino phenyl]-4′-(6-hydroxyhexyl sulfonyl)-stilbene (APSS) in benzyl alcohol, which interacted with a series of ~800-nm laser pulses of ~8-ns pulse width, we obtained a much higher nonlinear absorption coefficient and a superior optical peak-power stabilization effect.
© 1997 Optical Society of America
Guang S. He, Lixiang Yuan, Jayant D. Bhawalkar, and Paras N. Prasad, "Optical limiting, pulse reshaping, and stabilization with a nonlinear absorptive fiber system," Appl. Opt. 36, 3387-3392 (1997)