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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 36, Iss. 20 — Jul. 10, 1997
  • pp: 4681–4685

Polarization-selective diffractive optical elements with an index-matching gap material

N. Nieuborg, A. Kirk, B. Morlion, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 36, Issue 20, pp. 4681-4685 (1997)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.36.004681


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Abstract

Highly polarization-selective diffractive optical elements for use in optical interconnection and routing systems have been fabricated by the wet etching of pairs of calcite substrates and characterized experimentally. We show that when an index-matching polymer is used to fill the gap between the two substrates, substrate alignment problems are eliminated and efficiency is greatly increased. This has resulted in first-order diffraction efficiencies of 40.5% and polarization contrast ratios of 450:1 for several off-axis binary-phase elements, allowing these components to be used for practical applications.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: September 13, 1996
Published: July 10, 1997

Citation
N. Nieuborg, A. Kirk, B. Morlion, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, "Polarization-selective diffractive optical elements with an index-matching gap material," Appl. Opt. 36, 4681-4685 (1997)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-36-20-4681


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References

  1. N. Nieuborg, C. Van de Poel, A. Kirk, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, “Highly polarization-selective diffractive and computer generated optical elements,” in Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology II, I. Cindrich, S. H. Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE2404, 293–301 (1995). [CrossRef]
  2. J. Ford, F. Xu, K. Urquhart, Y. Fainman, “Polarization-selective computer-generated holograms,” Opt. Lett. 18, 456–458 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. F. Xu, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, “Polarization-selective computer-generated holograms: design, fabrication, and applications,” Appl. Opt. 34, 256–266 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. Xu, R. Tyan, Y. Fainman, “Single-substrate birefringent computer-generated holograms,” Opt. Lett. 21, 516–518 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F. Xu, R. Tyan, P. Sun, Y. Fainman, C. Cheng, A. Scherer, “Form-birefringent computer-generated holograms,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1513–1515 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Hossfeld, D. Columbus, H. Sprave, T. Tschudi, W. Dultz, “Polarizing computer-generated holograms,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1835–1838 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals, Propagation and Control of Laser Radiation (Wiley, New York, 1984), p. 85.
  8. A. Kirk, N. Nieuborg, H. Thienpont, P. Heremans, M. Kuijk, R. Vounckx, I. Veretennicoff, “Anisotropic diffractive optical logic inverter for PnpN optical thyristors,” presented at the 1996 International Topical Meetings on Optical Computing (OC ’96) and Photonics in Switching (PS ’96), Sendai, Japan, 21–25 April 1996.

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