OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 36, Iss. 22 — Aug. 1, 1997
  • pp: 5461–5470

Metrology and modeling of microchannel plate x-ray optics

A. N. Brunton, G. W. Fraser, J. E. Lees, and I. C. E. Turcu  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 36, Issue 22, pp. 5461-5470 (1997)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.36.005461


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2022 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A Monte Carlo ray-trace model of nonideal microchannel plate (MCP) x-ray optics is described. The model takes into account angular misalignments, both transverse and axial, between the channels and the multifiber bundles; pincushion distortion of the square channels; radiusing of the channel vertices; and scattering from microroughness of the channel walls. The model also takes into account the spectrum and nonisotropic nature of the illuminating radiation. Using optical, scanning electron, and atomic force microscopies, as well as x-ray scattering data obtained with a laser plasma x-ray source, we have determined a partial error budget for the focusing action of a real square-pore MCP, leaving only the interchannel long-axis misalignment to be found by comparison of simulated and measured images. The power of the Monte Carlo model in directing the future development of MCP optics is illustrated.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: June 14, 1996
Revised Manuscript: October 22, 1996
Published: August 1, 1997

Citation
A. N. Brunton, G. W. Fraser, J. E. Lees, and I. C. E. Turcu, "Metrology and modeling of microchannel plate x-ray optics," Appl. Opt. 36, 5461-5470 (1997)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-36-22-5461


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. H. N. Chapman, K. A. Nugent, S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray focusing using square channel capillary arrays,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1542–1561 (1991). [CrossRef]
  2. P. Kaaret, P. Geissbühler, A. Chen, E. Glavinas, “X-ray focusing using microchannel plates,” Appl. Opt. 31, 7339–7343 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, J. E. Lees, J. F. Pearson, W. B. Feller, “X-ray focusing using square-pore microchannel plates: first observation of cruxiform image structure,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 324, 404–407 (1993). [CrossRef]
  4. G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, J. E. Lees, D. L. Emberson, “Production of quasiparallel X-ray beams using microchannel plate X-ray lenses,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 334, 579–588 (1993). [CrossRef]
  5. G. W. Fraser, A. N. Brunton, J. E. Lees, J. F. Pearson, R. Willingale, D. L. Emberson, W. B. Feller, M. Stedman, J. Haycocks, “Development of microchannel plate (MCP) X-ray optics,” in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics III, R. B. Hoover, A. B. C. Walker, eds. Proc. SPIE2011, 215–226 (1993). [CrossRef]
  6. W. C. Priedhorsky, A. G. Peele, K. A. Nugent, “X-ray all-sky monitor with extraordinary sensitivity,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 279, 733–750 (1996). [CrossRef]
  7. A. G. Peele, K. A. Nugent, A. V. Rode, K. Gabel, M. C. Richardson, R. Strack, W. Siegmund, “X-ray focusing using lobster-eye optics: a comparison of theory with experiment,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4420–4425 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. N. Chapman, K. A. Nugent, S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray focusing using cylindrical-channel capillary arrays. I. Theory,” Appl. Opt. 32, 6316–6332 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. R. P. Angel, “Lobster eyes as x-ray telescopes,” Astrophys. J. 233, 364–373 (1979). [CrossRef]
  10. A. N. Brunton, “MCP x-ray optics,” Ph.D. thesis (University of Leicester, UK, 1995).
  11. J. L. Wiza, “Microchannel plate detectors,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods 162, 587–601 (1979). [CrossRef]
  12. E. L. Church, H. A. Jenkinson, J. M. Zavada, “Relationship between surface scattering and microtopographic features,” Opt. Eng. 18, 125–136 (1979). [CrossRef]
  13. B. L. Henke, “Low energy x-ray interactions: photoionization, scattering, specular and Bragg reflection,” in Topical Conference on Low-Energy X-ray Diagnostics, , D. Attwood, B. Henke, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1981), pp. 146–155.
  14. D. T. Cromer, D. Liberman, “Relativistic calculation of anomolous scattering factors for x-rays,’ (Los Alamos Laboratory, Los Alamos, N.M., 1970).
  15. Galileo Electro-Optics Corporation, Galileo Park, Sturbridge, Mass. 01566.
  16. I. C. E. Turcu, I. N. Ross, P. Trenda, C. W. Wharton, R. A. Meldrum, H. Daido, M. S. Schulz, P. Fluck, A. G. Michette, A. P. Juna, J. R. Maldonado, H. Shields, G. J. Tallents, L. Dwivedi, J. Krishnan, D. L. Stevens, T. J. Jenner, D. Batani, H. Goodson, “Picosecond excimer laser-plasma x-ray source for microscopy, biochemistry and lithography,” in Applications of Laser Plasma Radiation, M. C. Richardson, ed., Proc. SPIE2015, 243–260 (1994). [CrossRef]
  17. P. D. Rockett, C. R. Bird, C. J. Hailey, D. Sullivan, D. B. Brown, P. G. Burkhalter, “X-ray calibration of Kodak direct exposure film,” Appl. Opt. 24, 2536–2542 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. B. L. Henke, J. Y. Uejio, G. F. Stone, C. H. Dittmore, F. G. Fujiwara, “High-energy x-ray response of photographic films: models and measurement,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1540–1550 (1986). [CrossRef]
  19. H. N. Chapman, K. A. Nugent, S. W. Wilkins, “X-ray focusing using cylindrical-channel capillary arrays. II. Experiments,” Appl. Opt. 32, 6333–6340 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. A. N. Brunton, J. E. Lees, G. W. Fraser, A. S. Tremsin, W. B. Feller, P. L. White, “MCP based x-ray collimators for lithography of semiconductor devices,” in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-ray and EUV Optics III, R. B. Hoover, A. B. C. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE Vol. 2805, 212–221 (1996). [CrossRef]
  21. National Physical Laboratory, Division of Mechanical and Optical Metrology, Teddington, Middlesex, TW11 0LW, UK.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited