OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 36, Iss. 3 — Jan. 20, 1997
  • pp: 629–634

Intraplane to interplane optical interconnects with a high diffraction efficiency electro-optic grating

Degui Sun, Chunhe Zhao, and Ray T. Chen  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 36, Issue 3, pp. 629-634 (1997)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.36.000629


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (313 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report on a new optical interconnect architecture for three-dimensional, multiple electro-optic gratings with LiNbO3 used in conjunction with substrate guided waves. First the operating mechanism of the system is studied in detail, and the momentum mismatch in the operating process of the system is also demonstrated. We then derive a new method for calculating coupling efficiency by introducing a compensation for the mismatch. This theoretical research allows the new optical interconnect architecture to provide a higher design accuracy and an optimized coupling efficiency, even though it is under the case of momentum mismatch. We achieve this result by introducing a substrate guided wave with 45° bouncing angle and 100-V applied voltage. The successful design and its theoretical analysis will be helpful for research on the grating coupler.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: October 2, 1995
Revised Manuscript: July 22, 1996
Published: January 20, 1997

Citation
Degui Sun, Chunhe Zhao, and Ray T. Chen, "Intraplane to interplane optical interconnects with a high diffraction efficiency electro-optic grating," Appl. Opt. 36, 629-634 (1997)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-36-3-629


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. E. G. Paek, P. F. Liao, H. Gharavi, “Derivation of neural network models and their computational circuits for associative memory,” Opt. Eng. 31, 986–994 (1992). [CrossRef]
  2. D. G. Sun, L. M. He, N. X. Wang, Z. H. Weng, “Optoelectronic butterfly interconnection architecture of modified signed-digit arithmetic systems: fully parallel adder and subtracter,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6755–6761 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. G. Sun, N. X. Wang, L. M. He, Z. W. Lu, Z. H. Weng, “Butterfly interconnection networks and their applications in digital computing and information processing: applications in FFT-based optical processing,” Appl. Opt. 32, 7184–7193 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Neyer, “Electro-optic X-switch using single mode Titanium Lithium Niobate channel waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 19, 553–554 (1993). [CrossRef]
  5. C. S. Tsai, S. Kim, F. R. El-Akkari, “Optical channel waveguide switch and coupler using total internal reflection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 513–517 (1978). [CrossRef]
  6. R. V. Schmidt, P. S. Cross, “Efficient optical waveguide switch amplitude/modulator,” Opt. Lett. 2(2), 45–47 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. O. H. Kitani, S. Namba, M. Kawabe, “Electro-optic Bragg deflection modulators in corrugated waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15(5), 270–272 (1979). [CrossRef]
  8. R. T. Chen, M. R. Wang, G. J. Sonek, T. Jannson, “Optical interconnection using polymer microstructure waveguides,” Opt. Eng. 30, 622–628 (1990). [CrossRef]
  9. R. T. Chen, M. R. Wang, T. Jannson, “Intraplane guided wave massive fanout optical interconnections,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2071–2073 (1990). [CrossRef]
  10. R. T. Chen, H. Lu, D. Robinson, Z. Sun, J. Jannson, “60 GHz board-to-board interconnection using polymer optical buses in conjunction with microprizm couplers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 536–538 (1992). [CrossRef]
  11. R. T. Chen, H. Lu, D. Robinson, T. Jannson, “Highly multiplexed graded-index polymer waveguide hologram for near-infrared eight-channel wavelength division demultiplexing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1144–1146 (1991). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).
  13. P. Moon, D. E. Spencer, Field Theory Handbook (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1971). [CrossRef]
  14. K. Koshiba, Optical Waveguide Theory by the Finite Element Method (KTK Science Publishers, Tokyo, 1992), pp. 162–166.
  15. M. Li, S. J. Sheard, “Waveguide couplers using parallelogramic-shaped blazed gratings,” Opt. Commun. 109, 239–245 (1994). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited