OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 36, Iss. 32 — Nov. 10, 1997
  • pp: 8329–8335

Combination of free-space and guided-wave optical interconnects for angularly multiplexed multiwavelength holographic memory

De-Gui Sun, Richard Lee, and Ray T. Chen  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 36, Issue 32, pp. 8329-8335 (1997)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2002 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We propose and test experimentally a new scheme to implement spatially multiplexed multiwavelength holographic memory. An electro-optically modulated phase grating array on LiNbO3 substrate is used as a guided-wave interconnect to activate the reconfigurable reference beam. The object beam is provided by free-space interconnect. An electro-optic modulation efficiency of 18 ± 2.5% is achieved with an applied voltage of 100 V. The reference beams with different diffraction angles can implement the angle-multiplexing holographic recording. We believe this is the first report of the implementation of guided-wave electro-optic interconnect together with free-space interconnect in holographic memory applications.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: March 24, 1997
Revised Manuscript: April 24, 1997
Published: November 10, 1997

De-Gui Sun, Richard Lee, and Ray T. Chen, "Combination of free-space and guided-wave optical interconnects for angularly multiplexed multiwavelength holographic memory," Appl. Opt. 36, 8329-8335 (1997)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. T. Chen, H. Lu, D. Robinson, T. Jannson, “Highly multiplexed graded-index polymer waveguide hologram for near-infrared eight-channel wavelength division demultiplexing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1144–1146 (1991). [CrossRef]
  2. A. A. Rizvi, M. S. Zubairy, “Implementation of associative memory using grating structures,” Appl. Opt. 33, 3642–3646 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. T. Chen, H. Lu, D. Robinson, M. Wang, G. Savant, T. Jannson, “Guided-wave planar optical interconnects using highly multiplexed polymer waveguide holograms,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 888–897 (1992). [CrossRef]
  4. E. Arons, D. Dilworth, “Analysis of Fourier synthesis holography for imaging through scattering materials,” Appl. Opt. 34, 1841–1847 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. A. Rakuljic, V. Leyva, A. Yariv, “Optical data storage by using orthogonal wavelength-multiplexed volume holograms,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1471–1473 (1992). [CrossRef]
  6. S. Yin, H. Zhou, F. Zhao, M. Wen, Z. Yang, J. Zhang, F. S. T Yu, “Wavelength multiplexed holographic storage in a sensitive photorefractive crystal using a visible-light tunable diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 101, 317–321 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Zhou, F. Zhao, F. S. T. Yu, “Effects of recording-erasure dynamics of storage capacity of a wavelength-multiplexed reflection-type photorefractive hologram,” Appl. Opt. 33, 4339–4344 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Campbell, X. Yi, P. Yeh, “Hybrid sparse-wavelength angularly multiplexed optical data storage system,” Opt. Lett. 19, 2161–2163 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Campbell, P. Yeh, “Sparse-wavelength angle-multiplexed volume holographic memory system: analysis and advances,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2380–2388 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Tao, Z. H. Song, D. R. Selviah, J. E. Midwinter, “Spatioangular-multiplexing scheme for dense holographic storage,” Appl. Opt. 34, 6729–6737 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. F. H. Mok, “Angle-multiplexed storage of 5000 holograms in lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 18, 915–917 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. Psaltis, M. Levene, A. Pu, G. Barbastathis, K. Curtis, “Holographic storage using shift multiplexing,” Opt. Lett. 20, 782–784 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. G. Barbastathis, M. Levene, D. Psaltis, “Shift multiplexing with spherical reference waves,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2403–2417 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume holographic multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding technique,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991). [CrossRef]
  15. C. Alves, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, “Dynamic phase-encoding storage of 64 images in BaTiO3 photorefractive crystal,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1894–1896 (1994). [CrossRef]
  16. K. Curtis, D. Psaltis, “Cross talk for angle- and wavelength-multiplexed image plane holograms,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1774–1776 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. K.-H. Tu, T. Tamir, H. Lee, “Multiple-scattering theory of wave diffraction by superposed volume gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 1421–1435 (1990). [CrossRef]
  18. A. Belendez, I. Pascual, A. F. Fimia, “Model for analyzing the effects of processing on recording material in thick holograms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 1214–1223 (1992). [CrossRef]
  19. M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, “Three-dimensional vector coupled-wave analysis of planar-grating diffraction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 1105–1112 (1983). [CrossRef]
  20. V. Minier, J. M. Xu, “Coupled-mode analysis of superimposed phase grating guided-wave structures and integrating coupling effects,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2054–2063 (1993). [CrossRef]
  21. T. Kubota, M. Takeda, “Array illuminator using grating couplers,” Opt. Lett. 14, 651–652 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. R. T. Chen, D. Robinson, H. Lu, M. R. Wang, T. Jannson, R. Baumbick, “Reconfigurable optical interconnection network for multimode optical fiber sensor arrays,” Opt. Eng. 31, 1098–1106 (1992). [CrossRef]
  23. A. Pu, D. Psaltis, “High-density recording in photopolymer-based holographic three-dimensional disk,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2389–2398 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. E. N. Glytsis, T. K. Gaylord, “Anisotropic guided-wave diffraction by interdigitated electrode-induced phase gratings,” Appl. Opt. 27, 5031–5050 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. D. G. Sun, C. Zhao, R. T. Chen, “Intraplane to interplane optical interconnects with a high diffraction efficiency electro-optic grating,” Appl. Opt. 36, 629–634 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. M. C. Hutley, Diffraction Gratings (Academic, New York, 1982).
  27. A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited