A diffractive beam homogenizer, based on an array of square, off-axis, continuous-relief diffractive microlenses, for use with an excimer laser has been studied. We originally fabricated the homogenizer by direct-write electron-beam lithography, from which we made replicas in UV-grade fused silica by hot embossing and reactive ion etching. Atomic force microscopy measurements of original and replicated elements showed the accuracy of the replication fidelity. One of the replicated homogenizers was evaluated together with a KrF excimer laser. The homogenized beam had a flat-top profile with 31% of the beam energy contained within an area where the beam intensity was above a threshold level of 90% of the maximum intensity.
© 1997 Optical Society of America
Fredrik Nikolajeff, Sverker Hård, and Bernard Curtis, "Diffractive microlenses replicated in fused silica for excimer laser-beam homogenizing," Appl. Opt. 36, 8481-8489 (1997)