OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 36, Iss. 33 — Nov. 20, 1997
  • pp: 8574–8581

Beam-divergence control of excimers with plane-parallel Gaussian cavities

Maria Rita Perrone, Stefania Tundo, Clementina Panzera, and Giorgio De Nunzio  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 36, Issue 33, pp. 8574-8581 (1997)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (779 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Plane-parallel cavities with Gaussian-reflectivity-profile mirrors as full reflectors were applied to a XeCl laser, and the near- and the far-field characteristics of the laser radiation were analyzed. It is shown that excimer lasers fitted with plane-parallel Gaussian cavities deliver laser radiation with a beam-quality factor M2 that is more than 50% smaller than that of laser beams delivered by conventional plane-parallel cavities. The effect of the Gaussian mirror spot size on M2 was also investigated, and it is shown that the narrowing of the Gaussian mirror spot size reduces the beam-quality-factor value.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: March 7, 1997
Revised Manuscript: May 28, 1997
Published: November 20, 1997

Maria Rita Perrone, Stefania Tundo, Clementina Panzera, and Giorgio De Nunzio, "Beam-divergence control of excimers with plane-parallel Gaussian cavities," Appl. Opt. 36, 8574-8581 (1997)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 23, p. 913.
  2. A. G. Nikitenko, “Novel design and method of fabrication of inhomogeneous mirrors,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 485–490 (1994). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Piché, D. Catin, “Enhancement of modal feedback in unstable resonators using mirrors with a phase step,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1135–1137 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. A. Belanger, C. Paré, “Unstable laser resonators with a specified output profile by using a graded-reflectivity mirror: geometrical optics limit,” Opt. Commun. 109, 507–517 (1994). [CrossRef]
  5. P. Lavigne, N. McCarthy, J.-G. Demers, “Design and characterization of complementary Gaussian reflectivity mirrors,” Appl. Opt. 24, 2581–2586 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. M. Walsh, L. V. Knight, “Transverse modes of a laser resonator with Gaussian mirrors,” Appl. Opt. 25, 2947–2954 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Ciccotti, P. DeSantis, G. Guattari, C. Palma, “Propagation of partially coherent beams in a periodic sequence of lenses and Gaussian apertures,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 561–571 (1994). [CrossRef]
  8. M. R. Perrone, C. Palma, V. Biagini, A. Piegari, D. Flori, S. Scaglione, “Theoretical and experimental determination of single round-trip beam parameters in a XeCl laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 991–998 (1995). [CrossRef]
  9. V. Bagini, A. Mascello, C. Palma, M. R. Perrone, “Transient states analysis of a partially coherent laser beam propagating through a Gaussian cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1572–1578 (1995). [CrossRef]
  10. P. De Santis, A. Mascello, C. Palma, M. R. Perrone, “Coherence growth of laser radiation in Gaussian cavities,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 802–812 (1996). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Siegman, M. W. Sasnett, T. F. Johnston, “Choice of the clip level for beam width measurements using knife-edge techniques,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1098–1104 (1991). [CrossRef]
  12. J. J. Chang, “Time-resolved beam-quality characterization of copper-vapor lasers with unstable resonators,” Appl. Opt. 33, 2255–2265 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. N. Reng, B. Eppich, “Definition and measurements of high-power laser beam parameters,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, S973–S992 (1992). [CrossRef]
  14. C. Giuri, M. R. Perrone, V. Piccinno, “Output coupler design of unstable cavities for excimer lasers,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1–6 (1997). [CrossRef]
  15. K. Yamada, K. Miyazaki, T. Hasama, T. Sato, “1-ns high-power high-repetitive excimer laser oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 177–182 (1988). [CrossRef]
  16. D. Lo, “Electrical characteristics of small active volume (1 cm3) discharge-pumped XeCl laser,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 20, 257–262 (1988). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited