To estimate the probability distributions of power fades, we consider two basic types of disturbance in electromagnetic wave propagation through atmospheric turbulence: wave-front intensity fluctuations and wave-front distortion. We assess the reduction in the cumulative probability of losses caused by these two effects through spatial diversity by using a multiaperture receiver configuration. Degradations in receiver performance are determined with fractal techniques used to simulate the turbulence-induced wave-front phase distortion, and a log normal model is assumed for the collected power fluctuations.
© 1997 Optical Society of America
Aniceto Belmonte, A. Comerón, J. A. Rubio, J. Bará, and E. Fernández, "Atmospheric-turbulence-induced power-fade statistics for a multiaperture optical receiver," Appl. Opt. 36, 8632-8638 (1997)