We describe the design and construction of a high-precision laser writing machine for the direct generation of large-diameter rotationally symmetric diffractive optics with continuous profiles in photoresist. The photoresist profile can be used as a replication master surface or etched into a silica substrate. Machine design methodology, as well as qualification of performance, is provided. Test results for an <i>f</i>/2 100-mm clear-aperture diffractive lens directly etched into a silica substrate are presented. Diffraction efficiency as a function of zone spacing and wave-front performance are given.
© 1997 Optical Society of America
John P. Bowen, Robert L. Michaels, and C. Gary Blough, "Generation of large-diameter diffractive elements with laser pattern generation," Appl. Opt. 36, 8970-8975 (1997)