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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 36, Iss. 5 — Feb. 10, 1997
  • pp: 997–1010

Polarization-controlled multistage switch based on polarization-selective computer-generated holograms

Ashok V. Krishnamoorthy, Fang Xu, Joseph E. Ford, and Yeshayahu Fainman  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 36, Issue 5, pp. 997-1010 (1997)

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We describe a polarization-controlled free-space optical multistage interconnection network based on polarization-selective computer-generated holograms: optical elements that are capable of imposing arbitrary, independent phase functions on horizontally and vertically polarized monochromatic light. We investigate the design of a novel nonblocking space-division photonic switch architecture. The multistage-switch architecture uses a fan-out stage, a single stage of 2 × 2 switching elements, and a fan-in stage. The architecture is compatible with several control strategies that use 1 × 2 and 2 × 2 polarization-controlled switches to route the input light beams. One application of the switch is in a passive optical network in which data is optically transmitted through the switch with a time-of-flight delay but without optical-to-electrical conversions at each stage. We have built and characterized a proof-of-principle 4 × 4 free-space switching network using three cascaded stages of arrayed birefringent computer-generated holographic elements. Data modulated at 20 MHz/channel were transmitted through the network to demonstrate transparent operation.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: December 15, 1995
Revised Manuscript: September 18, 1996
Published: February 10, 1997

Ashok V. Krishnamoorthy, Fang Xu, Joseph E. Ford, and Yeshayahu Fainman, "Polarization-controlled multistage switch based on polarization-selective computer-generated holograms," Appl. Opt. 36, 997-1010 (1997)

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