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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 37, Iss. 10 — Apr. 1, 1998
  • pp: 1796–1802

Interferometric back focal plane microellipsometry

Gilbert D. Feke, Daniel P. Snow, Robert D. Grober, Peter J. de Groot, and Leslie Deck  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 10, pp. 1796-1802 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.37.001796


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Abstract

We present a technique for ellipsometric analysis of materials with high lateral resolution. A Michelson-type phase-shifting interferometer measures the phase distribution in the back focal plane of a high numerical aperture objective. Local measurements of the ellipsometric parameter delta are performed over the entire spectrum of angles of incidence. We show that delta is to leading order linearly proportional to the phase change on reflection of normally incident light. We furthermore invert the Fresnel reflection equations and derive expressions for the real and imaginary parts of the refractive index as functions of the phase change on reflection and the reflectivity at normal incidence, both of which are measurable with the same apparatus. Hence we accomplish local measurements of the refractive indices of our samples. Determination of the phase change on reflection permits correction of interferometric topography measurements of heterogeneous specimens.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.2130) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Ellipsometry and polarimetry
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(120.4530) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical constants
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement
(120.5700) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Reflection
(180.3170) Microscopy : Interference microscopy

History
Original Manuscript: July 15, 1997
Revised Manuscript: October 20, 1997
Published: April 1, 1998

Citation
Gilbert D. Feke, Daniel P. Snow, Robert D. Grober, Peter J. de Groot, and Leslie Deck, "Interferometric back focal plane microellipsometry," Appl. Opt. 37, 1796-1802 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-37-10-1796


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References

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