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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 37, Iss. 11 — Apr. 10, 1998
  • pp: 2074–2078

Two-dimensional photonic-crystal vertical-cavity array for nonlinear optical image processing

Daniel F. Sievenpiper, Cedric F. Lam, and Eli Yablonovitch  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 11, pp. 2074-2078 (1998)

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We investigate the electromagnetic properties of a two-dimensional (2-D) photonic-crystal array of vertical cavities for use in nonlinear optical image processing. We determine the 2-D photonic band structure of the array, and we discuss how it is influenced by the degree of interaction between cavities. We study the properties of defects in the 2-D lattice and show that neighboring cavities interact through their overlapping wave functions. This interaction can be used to produce nearest-neighbor nonlinear Boolean functions such as and, or, and xor, which are useful for optical image processing. We demonstrate the use of 2-D photonic bandgap structures for image processing by removing noise from a sample image with a nearest-neighbor and function.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(070.4340) Fourier optics and signal processing : Nonlinear optical signal processing
(100.2000) Image processing : Digital image processing
(100.2550) Image processing : Focal-plane-array image processors
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(200.3760) Optics in computing : Logic-based optical processing
(200.4690) Optics in computing : Morphological transformations

Original Manuscript: September 23, 1997
Revised Manuscript: December 1, 1997
Published: April 10, 1998

Daniel F. Sievenpiper, Cedric F. Lam, and Eli Yablonovitch, "Two-dimensional photonic-crystal vertical-cavity array for nonlinear optical image processing," Appl. Opt. 37, 2074-2078 (1998)

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