OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 37, Iss. 12 — Apr. 20, 1998
  • pp: 2379–2384

Highly scattering Intralipid-10% assisted lasing from microdroplets with Acridine Orange dye

Shinji Tanosaki, Hiroshi Taniguchi, Kazuhiro Tsujita, B. Devaraj, and Humio Inaba  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 12, pp. 2379-2384 (1998)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (161 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



One order or greater of magnitude enhancement of lasing emission is confirmed experimentally from liquid microdroplets of Acridine Orange dye mixed with the fat emulsion Intralipid-10% suspension as highly scattering media, compared with pure dye-doped droplets. This novel method that makes use of a high-gain laser dye soft scatter microsystem allows for a wide range of lasing of microdropslets. Originally without lasing pure dye droplets enabled one to lase with a well-defined threshold and an appreciably increased emission intensity in suitable conditions. Spectral characteristics and emission peak intensities from these microdroplets are measured quantitatively as a function of volume content of Intralipid-10% solutions.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.0140) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers and laser optics
(140.2050) Lasers and laser optics : Dye lasers

Original Manuscript: February 18, 1997
Revised Manuscript: November 17, 1997
Published: April 20, 1998

Shinji Tanosaki, Hiroshi Taniguchi, Kazuhiro Tsujita, B. Devaraj, and Humio Inaba, "Highly scattering Intralipid-10% assisted lasing from microdroplets with Acridine Orange dye," Appl. Opt. 37, 2379-2384 (1998)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. See, for example, P. W. Barber, R. K. Chang, eds. Optical Effects Associated with Small Particles (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), pp. 3–61.
  2. H.-M. Tzeng, K. F. Wall, M. B. Long, R. K. Chang, “Laser emission from individual droplets at wavelengths corresponding to morphology-dependent resonances,” Opt. Lett. 9, 499–501 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, H.-M. Tzeng, R. K. Chang, “Lasing droplets: highlighting the liquid–air interface by laser emission,” Science 231, 486–488 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H.-B. Lin, A. L. Huston, B. J. Justus, A. J. Campillo, “Some characteristics of a droplet whispering-gallery mode laser,” Opt. Lett. 11, 614–616 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. G. B. Garret, W. Kaiser, W. L. Bond, “Stimulated emission into optical whispering modes of spheres,” Phys. Rev. 124, 1807–1809 (1961). [CrossRef]
  6. M.-K. Gonokami, K. Takeda, H. Yasuda, K. Ema, “Laser emission from dye-doped polystyrene microsphere,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L99–L101 (1992). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Taniguchi, H. Yamada, T. Fujiwara, S. Tanosaki, H. Ito, H. Morozumi, M. Baba, “Laser emission from dye-doped small spheres by ultraviolet N2 laser pumping,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, L58–L61 (1993). [CrossRef]
  8. J. B. Snow, S.-X. Qian, R. K. Chang, “Stimulated Raman scattering from individual water and ethanol droplets at morphology-dependent resonances,” Opt. Lett. 10, 37–39 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S.-X. Qian, R. K. Chang, “Multi-order Stokes emission from micrometer-sized droplets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 926–929 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. G. Pinnick, A. Biswas, P. Chylek, R. L. Armstrong, H. Latifi, E. Creegan, V. Srivastava, M. Jarzembski, G. Fernandez, “Stimulated Raman scattering in micrometer-sized droplets,” Opt. Lett. 13, 494–496 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Taniguchi, S. Tanosaki, “Three-color whispering-gallery-mode dye lasers using dye-doped liquid spheres,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, L1421–L1424 (1993). [CrossRef]
  12. H. Taniguchi, H. Tomisawa, “Simple arrangement for liquid-droplet experiments due to morphology-dependent resonances,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 3594–3597 (1993). [CrossRef]
  13. R. L. Armstrong, J.-G. Xie, T. E. Ruekgauer, R. G. Pinnick, “Energy-transfer assisted lasing from microdroplets seeded with fluorescent sol,” Opt. Lett. 17, 943–945 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H.-B. Lin, A. L. Huston, J. D. Eversole, A. J. Campillo, P. Chylek, “Internal scattering effects on microdroplet resonant emission structure,” Opt. Lett. 17, 970–972 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. L. Armstrong, J.-G. Xie, T. E. Ruekgauer, J. Gu, R. G. Pinnick, “Effects of submicrometer-sized particles on microdroplet lasing,” Opt. Lett. 18, 119–121 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature (London) 368, 436–438 (1994). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Z. Genack, J. M. Drake, “Scattering for super-radiation,” Nature (London) 368, 400–401 (1994). [CrossRef]
  18. W. L. Sha, C.-H. Liu, R. R. Alfano, “Spectral and temporal measurements of laser action of Rhodamine 640 dye in strongly scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1922–1924 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, “Random laser, Lawandy and Balachandran reply,” Nature (London) 373, 204 (1995). [CrossRef]
  20. W. Zhang, N. Cue, K. M. Yoo, “Emission linewidth of laser action in random gain media,” Opt. Lett. 20, 961–963 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. R. M. Balachandran, D. P. Pacheco, N. M. Lawandy, “Laser action in polymeric gain media containing scattering particles,” Appl. Opt. 35, 640–643 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. R. M. Balachandran, N. M. Lawandy, “Interface reflection effects in photonic paint,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1271–1273 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. R. M. Balachandran, N. M. Lawandy, J. A. Moon, “Theory of laser action in scattering gain media,” Opt. Lett. 22, 319–321 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. R. V. Ambartsumyan, N. G. Basov, P. G. Kryukov, V. S. Letokhov, “Nonresonant feedback in lasers,” in Progress in Quantum Electronics, J. H. Sanders, K. W. H. Stevens, eds. (Pergamon, New York, 1970), pp. 109–185.
  25. N. Chang, T. Suzuki, H. Inaba, “Distributed feedback dye laser using small gel particle as a periodic structure,” Oyo Butsuri (Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.) 54, 841–846 (1985), in Japanese.
  26. H. Taniguchi, M. Nishiya, S. Tanosaki, H. Inaba, “Lasing behavior in a liquid spherical dye laser containing highly scattering nanoparticles,” Opt. Lett. 21, 263–265 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, H. Inaba, “Microdroplet dye laser enhancing effects in dye-highly scattering intralipid mixture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 719–721 (1996). [CrossRef]
  28. H. Taniguchi, S. Tanosaki, K. Tsujita, H. Inaba, “Experimental studies on output, spatial, and spectral characteristics of a microdroplet dye laser containing Intralipid as a highly scattering medium,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1864–1873 (1996). [CrossRef]
  29. S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, K. Tsujita, B. Devaraj, H. Inaba, “Bio-material laser action enforced by mixed highly scattering Intralipid in micro-droplet containing pigment extracted from biological tissues,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1484–1486 (1996). [CrossRef]
  30. H. J. van Staveren, C. J. M. Moes, J. van Marle, S. A. Prahl, M. J. C. van Gemert, “Light scattering in Intralipid-10% in the wavelength range of 400–1100 nm,” Appl. Opt. 30, 4507–4514 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. G. Müller, B. B. Chance, R. Alfano, S. Arridge, J. Beuthan, E. Gratton, M. Kaschke, B. Masters, S. Svanberg, P. van der Zee , eds., Medical Optical Tomography: Functional Imaging and Monitoring, Vol. IS11 of SPIE Institute Series (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1993).
  32. R. R. Alfano, J. G. Fujimoto, eds., Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration, Vol. 2, of Trends in Optics and Photonics, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.1996).
  33. K. P. Chan, M. Yamada, H. Inaba, “Micrometre-resolution, optical imaging of objects through highly scattering media using a heterodyne detector array,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1753–1754 (1994). [CrossRef]
  34. K. P. Chan, M. Yamada, B. Devaraj, H. Inaba, “Optical imaging through highly scattering media by use of heterodyne detection in the 1.3-μm wavelength region,” Opt. Lett. 20, 492–494 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. C. A. Thompson, J. S. Reynolds, K. J. Webb, F. P. LaPlant, D. Ben-Amotz, “Raman spectroscopic studies of diamond in Intralipid,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1195–1197 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. H. Taniguchi, S. Tanosaki, K. Tsujita, H. Inaba, “Highly scattering effect of substituted Intralipid on dye-doped microdroplets for lasing enforcement,” in Technical Digest of 1996 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (IEEE, New York, 1996), p. 283.
  37. H. Taniguchi, H. Tomisawa, “Wavelength tuning in spherical liquid dye lasers by controlling the cavity Q-values,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3305–3307 (1994). [CrossRef]
  38. H. Taniguchi, H. Tomisawa, and Sarjono, “Morphology- dependent dye lasing from a single microdroplet with double-layered dye doping,” Opt. Lett. 19, 366–368 (1994).
  39. M. M. Mazunder, G. Chen, R. K. Chang, J. B. Gillespie, “Wavelength shifts of dye lasing in microdroplets: effect of absorption change,” Opt. Lett. 20, 878–880 (1995). [CrossRef]
  40. R. M. Balachandran, N. M. Lawandy, “Understanding bichromatic emission from scattering gain media,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1603–1605 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  41. W. L. Sha, C.-H. Liu, F. Liu, R. R. Alfano, “Competition between two lasing modes of Sulforhodamine 640 in highly scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1277–1279 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  42. D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, A. Lagendijk, “Random laser?,” Nature (London) 373, 203–204 (1995). [CrossRef]
  43. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (Oxford U. Press, London, 1986), Chap. 13, p. 547.
  44. S. Tanosaki, H. Taniguchi, B. Devaraj, H. Inaba, “Ribo-Flavin: new material laser action in microdroplets and its enhancement by strongly scattering Intralipid substitution,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of OSA 1997 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 157.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited