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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 37, Iss. 12 — Apr. 20, 1998
  • pp: 2464–2472

Practical model for the calculation of multiply scattered lidar returns

Edwin W. Eloranta  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 12, pp. 2464-2472 (1998)

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An equation to predict the intensity of the multiply scattered lidar return is presented. Both the scattering cross section and the scattering phase function can be specified as a function of range. This equation applies when the cloud particles are larger than the lidar wavelength. This approximation considers photon trajectories with multiple small-angle forward-scattering events and one large-angle scattering that directs the photon back toward the receiver. Comparisons with Monte Carlo simulations, exact double-scatter calculations, and lidar data demonstrate that this model provides accurate results.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar
(290.0290) Scattering : Scattering
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering

Original Manuscript: June 9, 1997
Revised Manuscript: December 1, 1997
Published: April 20, 1998

Edwin W. Eloranta, "Practical model for the calculation of multiply scattered lidar returns," Appl. Opt. 37, 2464-2472 (1998)

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