OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 37, Iss. 12 — Apr. 20, 1998
  • pp: 2464–2472

Practical model for the calculation of multiply scattered lidar returns

Edwin W. Eloranta  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 12, pp. 2464-2472 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.37.002464


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (554 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

An equation to predict the intensity of the multiply scattered lidar return is presented. Both the scattering cross section and the scattering phase function can be specified as a function of range. This equation applies when the cloud particles are larger than the lidar wavelength. This approximation considers photon trajectories with multiple small-angle forward-scattering events and one large-angle scattering that directs the photon back toward the receiver. Comparisons with Monte Carlo simulations, exact double-scatter calculations, and lidar data demonstrate that this model provides accurate results.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar
(290.0290) Scattering : Scattering
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering

History
Original Manuscript: June 9, 1997
Revised Manuscript: December 1, 1997
Published: April 20, 1998

Citation
Edwin W. Eloranta, "Practical model for the calculation of multiply scattered lidar returns," Appl. Opt. 37, 2464-2472 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-37-12-2464


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. E. W. Eloranta, “An investigation of lidar pulses doubly scattered by atmospheric aerosols,” M.S. thesis (University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis., 1967).
  2. S. R. Pal, A. I. Carswell, “Polarization properties of lidar backscattering from clouds,” Appl. Opt. 12, 1530–1535 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. J. Allen, C. M. R. Platt, “Lidar for multiple backscattering and depolarization observations,” Appl. Opt. 16, 3193–3199 (1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Cohen, M. Kleiman, J. Cooney, “Lidar measurements of rotational Raman and double scattering,” Appl. Opt. 17, 1905–1910 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Sassen, R. L. Petrilla, “Lidar depolarization from multiple scattering in marine stratus clouds,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1450–1459 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. R. Bissonnette, D. L. Hutt, “Multiple scattering lidar,” Appl. Opt. 29, 5045–5048 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. U. Wandinger, A. Ansmann, “Atmospheric Raman depolarization-ratio measurements,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5671–5673 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. N. Plass, G. W. Kattawar, “Reflection of light pulses from clouds,” Appl. Opt. 10, 2304–2310 (1971). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. W. Eloranta, “Calculation of doubly scattered lidar returns,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis., 1972).
  10. J. A. Weinman, S. T. Shipley, “Effects of multiple scattering on laser pulses transmitted through clouds,” J. Geophys. Res. 77, 7123–7128 (1972). [CrossRef]
  11. K. E. Kunkel, J. A. Weinman, “Monte Carlo analysis of multiply scattered lidar returns,” J. Atmos. Sci. 33, 1772–1781 (1976). [CrossRef]
  12. J. A. Weinman, “Effects of multiple scattering on light pulses reflected by turbid atmospheres,” J. Atmos. Sci. 33, 1763–1771 (1976). [CrossRef]
  13. S. T. Shipley, “The measurement of rainfall by lidar,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis., 1978).
  14. D. L. Hutt, L. R. Bissonnette, L. Durand, “Multiple field of view lidar returns for atmospheric aerosols,” Appl. Opt. 33, 2338–2348 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Wiegner, G. Echle, “Lidar multiple scattering: improvement of Bissonette’s paraxial approximation,” Appl. Opt. 32, 6789–6803 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. L. R. Bissonnette, “Multiple-scattering lidar equation,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6449–6465 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. L. R. Bissonnette, D. L. Hutt, “Multiply scattered aerosol lidar returns: inversion method and comparison with in situ measurements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 6959–6975 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. J. Grund, E. W. Eloranta, “The University of Wisconsin High Spectral Resolution Lidar,” Opt. Eng. 30, 6–12 (1991). [CrossRef]
  19. P. Piironen, E. W. Eloranta, “Demonstration of a high spectral resolution lidar based on an iodine absorption filter,” Opt. Lett. 19, 234–236 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. E. W. Eloranta, P. Piironen, “Measurements of cirrus cloud optical properties and particle size with the University of Wisconsin High Spectral Resolution Lidar,” in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, A. Anssmann, R. Neuber, P. Rairoux, U. Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1997), pp. 83–86. [CrossRef]
  21. R. A. Ferrare, S. H. Melfi, D. N. Whiteman, K. D. Evans, “Raman lidar measurements of Pinatubo aerosols over southeastern Kansas during November–December 1991,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 19, 1599–1602 (1992). [CrossRef]
  22. A. Ansmann, M. Riebesell, U. Wandinger, C. Weitkamp, E. Voss, W. Lahmann, W. Michaelis, “Combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar for vertical profiling of moisture, aerosol extinction, backscatter, and lidar ratio,” Appl. Phys. B 55, 18–28 (1992). [CrossRef]
  23. E. W. Eloranta, S. T. Shipley, “A solution for multiple scattering,” in Atmospheric Aerosols: Their Formation, Optical Properties, and Effects, A. Deepak, ed. (Spectrum, Hampton, Va., 1982), pp. 227–239.
  24. D. Deirmendjian, Electromagnetic Scattering on Spherical Polydispersions (Elsevier, New York, 1969).
  25. H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).
  26. C. M. Platt, “Lidar and radiometric observations of cirrus clouds,” J. Atmos. Sci. 30, 1191–1204 (1973). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited