OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 37, Iss. 13 — May. 1, 1998
  • pp: 2696–2698

Modeling the wavelength dependence of the index of refraction of water in the range 200 nm to 200 μm

Aleksandra B. Djurišić and Božidar V. Stanić  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 13, pp. 2696-2698 (1998)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (143 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We modeled the index of refraction of water at a temperature of 25 °C, employing a Lorentz model for wavelengths ranging from 200 nm to 200 μm. We determined model parameters by minimizing discrepancies between calculated and experimental data, using an elite genetic algorithm with adaptive mutations. We found that a Lorentz model with six oscillators fits the available data well in the whole range of interest.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.7340) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Water
(120.4530) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical constants
(120.5710) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Refraction

Original Manuscript: September 25, 1997
Revised Manuscript: January 5, 1998
Published: May 1, 1998

Aleksandra B. Djurišić and Božidar V. Stanić, "Modeling the wavelength dependence of the index of refraction of water in the range 200 nm to 200 μm," Appl. Opt. 37, 2696-2698 (1998)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. Wohlfarth, B. Wohlfarth, in Optical Constants, Vol. 38, Subvol. A of Landolt-Börnstein, Numerical Data and Functional Relationships in Science and Technology, New Series, Group III: Condensed Matter, M. D. Lechner , ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996), pp. 17–22.
  2. C. W. Robertson, B. Curnette, D. Williams, “The infra-red spectrum of water,” Mol. Phys. 26, 183–191 (1973). [CrossRef]
  3. G. M. Hale, M. R. Querry, “Optical constants of water in the 200-nm to 200-μm wavelength region,” Appl. Opt. 12, 555–563 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. X. Quan, E. S. Fry, “Empirical equation for the index of refraction of seawater,” Appl. Opt. 34, 3477–3480 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Schiebener, J. Straub, J. M. H. Levelt Sengers, Q. J. S. Gallagher, “Refractive index of water and steam as function of wavelength, temperature and density,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19, 677–717 (1990). [CrossRef]
  6. P. D. T. Huibers, “Models for wavelength dependence of the index of refraction of water,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3785–3787 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. Hecht, Optics, 2nd ed. (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1990).
  8. J. M. Heller, R. N. Hamm, R. D. Birkhoff, L. R. Painter, “Collective oscillation in liquid water,” J. Chem. Phys. 60, 3483–3486 (1974). [CrossRef]
  9. D. E. Goldberg, Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization, and Machine Learning (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1989).
  10. K. P. Wong, Y. W. Wong, “Genetic and genetic/simulated annealing approaches to economic dispatch,” Proc. Gener. Trans. Distrib. 141(5), 507–513 (1994). [CrossRef]
  11. R. Vemuri, R. Vemuri, “Genetic algorithm for MCM partitioning,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1270–1272 (1994). [CrossRef]
  12. T. Bäck, H.-P. Schwefel, Genetic Algorithms in Engineering and Computer Science, G. Winter, J. Periaux, M. Galan, P. Cuesta, eds. (Wiley, New York, 1995), pp. 111–140.
  13. A. B. Djurišić, J. M. Elazar, A. D. Rakić, “Modeling the optical constants of solids using genetic algorithms with parameter space size adjustment,” Opt. Commun. 134, 407–414 (1997). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited