OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 37, Iss. 14 — May. 10, 1998
  • pp: 2831–2842

Interferometric all-optical switches for ultrafast signal processing

Naimish S. Patel, Katherine L. Hall, and Kristin A. Rauschenbach  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 14, pp. 2831-2842 (1998)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (388 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



All-optical switches find applications in ultrahigh-speed network–user interfaces and in specialized high-speed processors, such as data regenerators and encryptors and microwave signal generators. We describe a semiconductor optical-amplifier-based single-arm interferometric switch called the ultrafast nonlinear interferometer. We discuss how the gain and the refractive-index nonlinearities in semiconductor optical amplifiers have an impact on the all-optical switch design, and we review experimental results obtained with the ultrafast nonlinear interferometer.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(060.4250) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks

Original Manuscript: August 11, 1997
Revised Manuscript: September 25, 1997
Published: May 10, 1998

Naimish S. Patel, Katherine L. Hall, and Kristin A. Rauschenbach, "Interferometric all-optical switches for ultrafast signal processing," Appl. Opt. 37, 2831-2842 (1998)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. A. Barry, V. W. S. Chan, K. L. Hall, E. S. Kintzer, J. D. Moores, K. A. Rauschenbach, E. A. Swanson, L. E. Adams, C. R. Doerr, S. G. Finn, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, W. S. Wong, “All-optical network consortium-ultrafast TDM networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 999–1013 (1996).
  2. K. L. Hall, K. A. Rauschenbach, S. G. Finn, R. A. Barry, N. S. Patel, J. D. Moores, “100 Gbit/s optical network technology,” in Ultrafast Electronics and Optoelectronics, M. Nuss, J. Bowers, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 31–36.
  3. N. S. Patel, K. L. Hall, K. A. Rauschenbach, “40-Gbit/s cascadable all-optical logic with an ultrafast nonlinear interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1466–1468 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. L. Danielson, C. Joergensen, M. Vaa, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, P. Doussiere, F. Pommerau, L. Goldstein, M. Gois, “Bit error rate assessment of a 40 Gb/s all-optical polarization independent wavelength converter,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1688–1690 (1996). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, T. Morioka, K. Mori, M. Saruwatari, “100 Gbit/s optical waveform measurement with 0.6 ps resolution optical sampling using subpicosecond supercontinuum pulses,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1152–1153 (1994). [CrossRef]
  6. P. A. Andrekson, “Picosecond optical sampling using four wave mixing in fibre,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1440–1441 (1991). [CrossRef]
  7. T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, M. Saruwatari, “Multiple-output, 100 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer based on multichannel four-wave-mixing pumped by a linearly-chirped square pulse,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1959–1960 (1994). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Kawanishi, O. Kamatani, “All-optical time division multiplexing using four-wave-mixing,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1697–1698 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. N. J. Doran, D. Wood, “Nonlinear-optical loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 13, 56–58 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. A. Andrekson, N. A. Olsson, J. R. Simpson, D. J. DiGiovanni, P. A. Morton, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, K. W. Wecht, “64 Gb/s all-optical demultiplexing with a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 644–646 (1992). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Jinno, T. Matsumoto, “Ultrafast all-optical logic operations in a nonlinear Sagnac interferometer with two control beams,” Opt. Lett. 16, 220–222 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. L. Hall, K. A. Rauschenbach, E. A. Swanson, S. R. Chinn, G. Raybon, “Picosecond-accuracy all-optical bit phase sensing using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 935–937 (1995). [CrossRef]
  13. K. A. Rauschenbach, K. L. Hall, J. C. Livas, G. Raybon, “All-optical pulse width and wavelength conversion at 10 Gb/s using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1130–1132 (1994). [CrossRef]
  14. K. L. Hall, K. A. Rauschenbach, “All-optical bit pattern generation and matching,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1214–1215 (1996). [CrossRef]
  15. K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, T. Kitoh, “100 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using nonlinear optical loop mirror with gating-width control,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1870–1871 (1993). [CrossRef]
  16. K. Uchiyama, T. Morioka, M. Saruwatari, M. Asobe, T. Ohara, “Error free all-optical demultiplexing using a chalcogenide glass fibre based nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1601–1602 (1996). [CrossRef]
  17. K. L. Hall, G. Lenz, A. M. Darwish, E. P. Ippen, “Subpicosecond gain and index nonlinearities in InGaAsP diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 111, 589–612 (1994). [CrossRef]
  18. J. M. Wiesenfeld, “Gain dynamics and associated nonlinearities in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Int. J. High Speed Electron. 7, 179–222 (1996). [CrossRef]
  19. R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, “Enhanced recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers using optical pumping,” Electron. Lett. 30, 787–788 (1994). [CrossRef]
  20. A. Lattes, H. A. Haus, F. J. Leonberger, E. P. Ippen, “An ultrafast all-optical gate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1718–1723 (1983). [CrossRef]
  21. C. H. Henry, “Theory of the linewidth of semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 259–264 (1982). [CrossRef]
  22. M. Osinski, J. Buus, “Linewidth broadening factor in semiconductor lasers—an overview,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 9–29 (1987). [CrossRef]
  23. C. T. Hultgren, E. P. Ippen, “Ultrafast refractive index dynamics in AlGaAs diode laser amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 635–637 (1991). [CrossRef]
  24. M. Shirasaki, H. A. Haus, D. L. Wong, “Nonlinear fiber interferometer and logic gate,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 14 of 1987 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1987), paper THO1.
  25. M. J. LaGasse, D. Liu-Wong, J. G. Fujimoto, H. A. Haus, “Ultrafast switching with a single-fiber interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 14, 311–313 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. K. K. Anderson, M. J. LaGasse, C. A. Wang, J. G. Fujimoto, “Femtosecond dynamics of the nonlinear index near the band edge in AlGaAs waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1834–1846 (1990). [CrossRef]
  27. M. J. LaGasse, K. K. Anderson, C. A. Wang, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, “Femtosecond measurements of the nonresonant nonlinear index in AlGaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 417–419 (1990). [CrossRef]
  28. K. I. Kang, T. G. Chang, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, R. K. Boncek, “Demonstration of ultrafast, all-optical, low control energy, single wavelength, polarization independent, cascadable, and integratable switch,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 605–607 (1995). [CrossRef]
  29. M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, “SLALOM: semiconductor laser amplifier in a loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 29, 2099–2112 (1993).
  30. I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of all-optical demultiplexing of TDM data at 250 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 30, 339–341 (1994). [CrossRef]
  31. K. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, S. Nishi, M. Saruwatari, “Error-free demultiplexing of 160 Gbit/s pulse signal using optical loop mirror including semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1501–1502 (1994). [CrossRef]
  32. N. S. Patel, K. A. Rauschenbach, K. L. Hall, “40 Gb/s demultiplexing using an ultrafast nonlinear interferometer (UNI),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1695–1697 (1996). [CrossRef]
  33. Z. Vardeny, J. Tauc, “Picosecond coherence coupling in the pump and probe technique,” Opt. Commun. 39, 396–400 (1981). [CrossRef]
  34. K. L. Hall, J. P. Donnelly, S. H. Groves, C. I. Fennelly, R. J. Bailey, A. Napoleone, “40-Gbit/s all-optical circulating shift register with an inverter,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1479–1481 (1997). [CrossRef]
  35. E. A. Swanson, S. R. Chinn, K. L. Hall, K. A. Rauschenbach, R. S. Bondurant, J. W. Miller, “100 GHz soliton pulse train generation using soliton compression of two phase side bands from a single DFB laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1194–1196 (1994). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited