Formulas are given for the calculation of diffraction efficiency of reflection-type gratings recorded in a photorefractive medium. The analysis incorporates the coupled-wave theory that was developed for photorefractive hologram gratings. This analysis takes into account grating slant with respect to the medium surface, light absorption during reconstruction, any incident angle of the reference beam, and any photorefractive phase shift. General solutions for signal and reference wave functions are given in a closed-form expression by use of a hypergeometric function. The optimum media parameters and recording conditions for high diffraction efficiency are obtained by the derived formulas. The diffraction properties for off-Bragg conditions are also discussed.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
Koutarou Nonaka, "Off-Bragg Analysis of the Diffraction Efficiency of Reflection Photorefractive Holograms," Appl. Opt. 37, 3215-3221 (1998)