We present an experimental study of a composite voltage-biased superconducting bolometer (VSB). The tested VSB consists of a Ti-film superconducting thermometer (T c ∼ 375 mK) on a Si substrate suspended by NbTi superconducting leads. A resistor attached to the substrate provides calibrated heat input into the bolometer. The current through the bolometer is measured with a superconducting quantum interference device ammeter. Strong negative electrothermal feedback fixes the bolometer temperature at T c and reduces the measured response time from 2.6 s to 13 ms. As predicted, the measured current responsivity of the bolometer is equal to the inverse of the bias voltage. A noise equivalent power of 5 × 10-17 W/√Hz was measured for a thermal conductance G ∼ 4.7 × 10-10 W/K, which is consistent with the expected thermal noise. Excess noise was observed for bias conditions for which the electrothermal feedback strength was close to maximum.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: November 17, 1997
Revised Manuscript: February 2, 1998
Published: June 1, 1998
Shih-Fu Lee, Jan M. Gildemeister, Warren Holmes, Adrian T. Lee, and Paul L. Richards, "Voltage-biased superconducting transition-edge bolometer with strong electrothermal feedback operated at 370 mK," Appl. Opt. 37, 3391-3397 (1998)