A technique is described for ensemble-averaging the light wave emerging from a turbid medium, enabling the recovery of optical information that is otherwise lost in a speckle pattern. The technique recovers both an amplitude and a phase function for a wave that has been corrupted by severe scattering, without the use of holography. With the phase estimated, an ensemble-averaged field is constructed that can be backprojected to form an image of the object obscured by the scattering medium. Experimental results suggest that the technique can resolve two object points whose signals are unresolved on the exit surface of a diffuser.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
Emmett N. Leith, Brian G. Hoover, David S. Dilworth, and Patrick P. Naulleau, "Ensemble-Averaged Shack–Hartmann Wave-Front Sensing for Imaging Through Turbid Media," Appl. Opt. 37, 3643-3650 (1998)