OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 37, Iss. 17 — Jun. 10, 1998
  • pp: 3726–3734

Modeling of scattering and depolarizing electro-optic devices. II. Device simulation

Paul E. Shames, Pang Chen Sun, and Yeshaiahu Fainman  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 17, pp. 3726-3734 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.37.003726


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (459 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We describe a simple method for performing accurate computer simulation and modeling of arbitrary-geometry electro-optic (EO) devices. We use a material EO model that includes the effects of scattering and depolarization as well as the change in the index of refraction. Finite-element analysis is used to determine the electrostatic field distribution for EO device designs. Attenuation of the transmitted light intensity as a result of scattering is modeled as an exponential function, and the intensity of transmitted depolarized light is shown to be a function of the scattering intensity. The total optical transmittance is determined by integration of these values over all the elements in the path of the propagating light. Lanthanum-modified lead zirconate titanate-based surface-electrode and transverse-electrode EO devices are designed and fabricated. Their experimentally measured performance is found to be in excellent agreement with our computer-simulation results.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2100) Materials : Electro-optical materials
(190.5890) Nonlinear optics : Scattering, stimulated
(230.2090) Optical devices : Electro-optical devices

Citation
Paul E. Shames, Pang Chen Sun, and Yeshaiahu Fainman, "Modeling of scattering and depolarizing electro-optic devices. II. Device simulation," Appl. Opt. 37, 3726-3734 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-37-17-3726


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. G. Haertling, “Electro-optic ceramics and devices,” in Electronic Ceramics: Properties, Devices and Applications, L. Levinson, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1988), pp. 371–492.
  2. J. T. Cutchen, J. O. Harris, and G. R. Laguna, “PLZT electro-optic shutters: applications,” Appl. Opt. 14, 1866–1873 (1975).
  3. T. Utsunomiya, “Optical switch using PLZT ceramics,” Ferroelectrics 109, 235–240 (1990).
  4. R. Viennet, “Driving voltage calculation for a ferroelectric display device,” J. Math. Phys. Appl. 29, 715–722 (1978).
  5. E. E. Klotin’sh, Yu. Ya. Kotleris, and Ya. A. Seglin’sh, “Geometrical optics of an electrically controlled phase plate made of PLZT-10 ferroelectric ceramic,” Avtometriya 6, 68–72 (1984).
  6. K. Tanaka, M. Yamaguchi, H. Seto, M. Murata, and K. Wakino, “Analyses of PLZT electro-optic shutter and shutter array,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 177–182 (1985).
  7. A. R. Dias, R. F. Kalman, J. W. Goodman, and A. A. Sawchuck, “Fiber-optic crossbar switch with broadcast capability,” Opt. Eng. 27, 955–960 (1988).
  8. M. Title and S. H. Lee, “Modeling and characterization of embedded electrode performance in transverse electrooptic modulators,” Appl. Opt. 29, 85–98 (1990).
  9. A. Y. Wu, T. C. Chen, and H. Y. Chen, “Model of electro-optic effects by Green’s function and summary representation: applications to bulk and thin film PLZT displays and spatial light modulators,” in Proceedings of the Eighth IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics, M. Liu, A. Safari, A. Kingon, and G. Haertling, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1992), pp. 600–603.
  10. F. S. Chen, “Evaluation of PLZT ceramics for application in optical communications,” Opt. Commun. 6, 297–300 (1972).
  11. J. Thomas and Y. Fainman, “Programmable diffractive optical elements using a multichannel lanthanum-modified lead zirconate titanate phase modulator,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1510–1512 (1995).
  12. Q. W. Song, X. M. Wang, and R. Bussjager, “Lanthanum-modified lead zirconate titanate ceramic wafer-based electro-optic dynamic diverging lens,” Opt. Lett. 21, 242–244 (1996).
  13. Q. W. Song, P. J. Talbot, and J. H. Maurice, “PLZT based high-efficiency electro-optic grating for optical switching,” J. Mod. Opt. 41, 717–727 (1994).
  14. F. Castro and B. Nabet, “Design of dual-effect lens on lanthanum-modified lead zirconate titanate for continuous variation of focal length,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2317–2323 (1995).
  15. M. Ivey and V. W. Bolie, “Birefringent light scattering in PLZT ceramics,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Contr. 38, 579–584 (1991).
  16. C. E. Land, “Variable birefringence, light scattering, and surface-deformation effects in PLZT ceramics,” Ferroelectrics 7, 45–51 (1974).
  17. P. E. Shames, P. C. Sun, and Y. Fainman, “Modeling of scattering and depolarizing electro-optic devices. I. Characterization of lanthanum-modified lead zirconate titanate,” Appl. Opt. 37, 3717–3725 (1998).
  18. R. A. Chipman, “The mechanics of polarization ray tracing,” in Polarization Analysis and Measurement, D. H. Goldstein and R. A. Chipman, eds., Proc. SPIE 1746, 62–75 (1992).
  19. P. Shames, P. C. Sun, and Y. Fainman, “Modeling and optimization of electro-optic phase modulator,” in Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices IV, W. W. Chow and M. Osinski, eds., Proc. SPIE 2693, 787–796 (1996).
  20. J. Jin, The Finite Element Method in Electromagnetics (Wiley, New York, 1993), Chap. 2.
  21. Y. Yeh and Q. Zeng, “Exact solution to the electric field of the double-sided electrode structure in a lead lanthanum zirconate titanate transverse electro-optic modulator,” Opt. Lett. 21, 961–963 (1996).
  22. H. Engan, “Excitation of elastic surface waves by spatial harmonics of interdigital transducers,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices 16, 1014–1017 (1969).
  23. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984), Chap. 5.
  24. A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1989), Chap. 5.
  25. J. F. Nye, Physical Properties of Crystals (Clarendon, London, 1985), Chap. 2.
  26. R. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, Boston, 1992), Chap. 7.
  27. A. L. Dalisa and R. J. Seymour, “Convolution scattering model for ferroelectric ceramics and other display media,” Proc. IEEE 61, 981–991 (1973).
  28. P. D. Thacher, “Refractive index and surface layers of ceramic (Pb, La)(Zr, Ti)O3,” Appl. Opt. 16, 3210–3213 (1977).
  29. P. J. Chen, C. E. Land, and M. M. Madsen, “A theory of the influence of space-charge field on domain switching in PLZT 7/65/35 ceramic,” Acta Mechan. 43, 61–72 (1982).
  30. C. E. Land, “Effects of photoferroelectric space charge fields on visible-light scattering in PLZT ceramics,” Ferroelectrics 27, 143–146 (1980).
  31. F. Xu, R. C. Tyan, P. C. Sun, Y. Fainman, “Fabrication, modeling and characterization of form-birefringent nanostructures,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2457–2459 (1995).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited