A self-consistent variant of the two-flow approximation that takes into account strong anisotropy of light scattering in seawater of finite depth and arbitrary turbidity is presented. To achieve an appropriate accuracy, this approach uses experimental dependencies between downward and total mean cosines. It calculates irradiances, diffuse attenuation coefficients, and diffuse reflectances in waters with arbitrary values of scattering, backscattering, and attenuation coefficients. It also takes into account arbitrary conditions of illumination and reflection from the bottom with the Lambertian albedo. This theory can be used for the calculation of apparent optical properties in both open and coastal oceanic waters, lakes, and rivers. It can also be applied to other types of absorbing and scattering medium such as paints, photographic emulsions, and biological tissues.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
(010.0010) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric and oceanic optics
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering
(290.7050) Scattering : Turbid media
Vladimir I. Haltrin, "Self-Consistent Approach to the Solution of the Light Transfer Problem for Irradiances in Marine Waters with Arbitrary Turbidity, Depth, and Surface Illumination. I. Case of Absorption and Elastic Scattering," Appl. Opt. 37, 3773-3784 (1998)