OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 37, Iss. 21 — Jul. 20, 1998
  • pp: 4690–4700

Iterative method for the inversion of multiwavelength lidar signals to determine aerosol size distribution

K. Rajeev and K. Parameswaran  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 21, pp. 4690-4700 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.37.004690


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (239 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Two iterative methods of inverting lidar backscatter signals to determine altitude profiles of aerosol extinction and altitude-resolved aerosol size distribution (ASD) are presented. The first method is for inverting two-wavelength lidar signals in which the shape of the ASD is assumed to be of power-law type, and the second method is for inverting multiwavelength lidar signals without assuming any a priori analytical form of ASD. An arbitrary value of the aerosol extinction-to-backscatter ratio (S1) is assumed initially to invert the lidar signals, and the ASD determined by use of the spectral dependence of the retrieved aerosol extinction coefficients is used to improve the value of S1 iteratively. The methods are tested for different forms of altitude-dependent ASD’s by use of simulated lidar-backscatter-signal profiles. The effect of random noise on the lidar backscatter signals is also studied.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.0010) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric and oceanic optics
(010.1110) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Aerosols
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar

History
Original Manuscript: March 3, 1998
Published: July 20, 1998

Citation
K. Rajeev and K. Parameswaran, "Iterative method for the inversion of multiwavelength lidar signals to determine aerosol size distribution," Appl. Opt. 37, 4690-4700 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-37-21-4690


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. G. E. Shaw, J. A. Reagan, B. M. Herman, “Investigations of atmospheric extinction using direct solar radiation measurements made with multiple wavelength radiometer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 12, 374–380 (1973). [CrossRef]
  2. K. K. Moorthy, P. R. Nair, B. V. Krishna Murthy, “Size distribution of coastal aerosols: effects of local sources and sinks,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 30, 844–852 (1991). [CrossRef]
  3. W. R. Leaitch, G. A. Isaac, “Tropospheric aerosol size distribution from 1982 to 1988 over eastern North America,” Atmos. Environ. 25A, 601–609 (1991).
  4. J. Lenoble, C. Brogneiz, “Information on stratospheric aerosol characteristics contained in the SAGE satellite multiwavelength extinction measurements,” Appl. Opt. 24, 1054–1063 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. H. Wang, M. P. McCormick, T. J. Swissler, M. T. Osborn, W. F. Fuller, G. K. Yue, “Inference of stratospheric aerosol composition and size distribution from SAGE II satellite measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8435–8446 (1989). [CrossRef]
  6. H. Muller, H. Quenzel, “Information content of multispectral lidar measurements with respect to the aerosol size distribution,” Appl. Opt. 24, 648–654 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Sasano, E. V. Browell, “Light scattering characteristics of various aerosol types derived from multiple wavelength lidar observations,” Appl. Opt. 28, 1670–1679 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. Quing, H. Nakane, Y. Sasano, S. Kitamura, “Numerical simulation of the retrieval of aerosol size distribution from multiwavelength laser radar measurements,” Appl. Opt. 28, 5259–5265 (1989). [CrossRef]
  9. M. J. Post, C. J. Grund, A. O. Langford, M. H. Proffitt, “Observations of Pinatubo ejecta over Boulder, Colorado by lidars of three different wavelengths,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 19, 195–198 (1992). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Kolenda, B. Mielke, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, M. Del Guasta, D. Weidauer, J. P. Wolf, L. Woste, F. Castagnoli, M. Morandi, V. M. Sacco, L. Stefanutti, V. Venturi, L. Zuccagnoli, “Aerosol size distribution measurements using a multispectral lidar system,” in Lidar for Remote Sensing, R. J. Becherer, R. M. Hardesty, J. P. Meyzonnette, eds., Proc. SPIE1714, 209–219 (1992). [CrossRef]
  11. M. D. Guasta, M. Morandi, L. Stefanutti, B. Stein, J. P. Wolf, “Deviation of Mount Pinatubo stratospheric aerosol mean size distribution by means of a multiwavelength lidar,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5690–5697 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Heintzenberg, H. Müller, H. Quenzel, E. Thomalla, “Information content of optical data with respect to aerosol properties: numerical studies with a randomized minimization-search-technique inversion algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 20, 1308–1315 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Yoshiyama, A. Ohi, K. Ohta, “Derivation of the aerosol size distribution from a bistatic system of a multiwavelength laser with the singular value decomposition method,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2642–2648 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. F. G. Fernald, “Analysis of atmospheric lidar observations: some comments,” Appl. Opt. 23, 652–653 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. D. Klett, “Lidar inversion with variable backscatter/extinction ratios,” Appl. Opt. 24, 1638–1643 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. V. A. Kovalev, “Lidar measurement of the vertical aerosol extinction profiles with range-dependent backscatter-to-extinction ratios,” Appl. Opt. 32, 6053–6065 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. K. Parameswaran, K. O. Rose, B. V. Krishna Murthy, “Relationship between backscattering and extinction coefficients of aerosols with application to turbid atmosphere,” Appl. Opt. 30, 3059–3071 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Takamura, Y. Sasano, “Ratio of aerosol backscatter to extinction coefficients as determined from angular scattering measurements for use in atmospheric lidar applications,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 19, 293–302 (1987). [CrossRef]
  19. H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).
  20. T. Takamura, Y. Sasano, T. Hayasaka, “Tropospheric aerosol optical properties derived from lidar, sun photometer, and optical particle counter measurements,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7132–7140 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. K. Parameswaran, K. O. Rose, “Spectral dependence of the relationship between backscattering and extinction coefficients in turbid atmospheres with application to lidar signal inversion,” Indian J. Radio Space Phys. 22, 165–179 (1993).
  22. M. D. King, D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, J. A. Reagan, “Aerosol size distributions obtained by inversion of spectral optical depth measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 35, 2153–2167 (1978). [CrossRef]
  23. M. D. King, “Sensitivity of constrained linear inversions to the selection of Lagrange multiplier,” J. Atmos. Sci. 39, 1356–1369 (1982). [CrossRef]
  24. S. Chandra, E. L. Flemming, M. R. Schoeberl, J. J. Barnett, “Monthly mean global climatology of temperature, wind, geopotential height and pressure for 0–120 km,” Adv. Space Res. 10, (6), 3–12 (1990).
  25. G. S. Kent, U. O. Farrukh, P. H. Wang, A. Deepak, “SAGE I and SAM II measurements of 1 μm aerosol extinction in the free troposphere,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 27, 269–279 (1988). [CrossRef]
  26. C. E. Junge, “The size distribution and aging of natural aerosols as determined from electrical and optical data in the atmosphere,” J. Meteorol. 12, 13–25 (1955). [CrossRef]
  27. S. Twomey, “On the numerical solution of Fredholm integral equations of the first kind by inversion of the linear system produced by Quadrature,” J. Assoc. Comput. Mach. 10, 97–101 (1963). [CrossRef]
  28. G. Yamamoto, M. Tanaka, “Determination of aerosol size distribution from spectral attenuation measurements,” Appl. Opt. 8, 447–453 (1968). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited