Accurate Numerical Analysis of Multimode-Interference-Based 3-dB Couplers
Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 24, pp. 5672-5678 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.37.005672
Acrobat PDF (244 KB)
Abstract
The power coupling characteristics of a multimode-interference-based 3-dB coupler have been analyzed by using the vector finite-element and least-squares boundary residual methods. The numerical results obtained have been compared with published experimental data to show the accuracy and the versatility of these numerical schemes. The results predict that a full treatment of the two-dimensional cross section is of particular importance for the design and the simulation of effective waveguide devices to enable a study of their important optical properties such as polarization and fabrication tolerances.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
OCIS Codes
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(130.0130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics
(260.3160) Physical optics : Interference
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
Citation
Muttukrishnan Rajarajan, B. M. Azizur Rahman, and Kenneth T. V. Grattan, "Accurate Numerical Analysis of Multimode-Interference-Based 3-dB Couplers," Appl. Opt. 37, 5672-5678 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-37-24-5672
Sort: Year | Journal | Reset
References
- L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference device based on self-imaging: principle and applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615–626 (1995).
- R. M. Jenkins, J. M. Heaton, D. R. Wight, J. T. Parker, J. C. H. Birbeck, G. W. Smith, and K. P. Hilton, “Novel 1 × N and N × N integrated optical switches using self-imaging multimode GaAs/AlGaAs waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 684–686 (1994).
- T. F. Krauss, R. M. De La Rue, and P. J. R. Leybourn, “Impact of output coupler configuration on operating characteristics of semiconductor ring laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1500–1507 (1995).
- J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amersfort, H. P. Lebalnc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, and M. A. Koza, “Use of multimode interference couplers to broaden the passband of dispersive integrated WDM filters,” in Integrated Photonics Research, Vol. 7 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 44–47.
- M. Rajarajan, B. M. A. Rahman, T. Wongcharoen, and K. T. V. Grattan, “Accurate analysis of MMI devices with two-dimensional confinement,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2078–2084 (1996).
- D. C. Chang and E. F. Kuester, “A hybrid method paraxial beam propagation in multimode optical waveguides,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-29, 923–933 (1981).
- C. M. Weinert and N. Agrawal, “Three-dimensional finite difference simulation of coupling behaviour and loss in multimode interference devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 529–531 (1995).
- G. M. Berry and S. V. Burke, “Analysis of optical rib-self-imaging multimode interference (MMI) waveguide devices using the discrete spectral index method,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 921–934 (1995).
- C. Vazquez, F. J. Mustieles, and F. Hernandez-Gil, “Three-dimensional method for simulation of multimode interference couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2296–2299 (1995).
- B. M. A. Rahman and J. B. Davies, “Finite element solution of integrated optical waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 682–688 (1984).
- B. M. A. Rahman and J. B. Davies, “Analysis of optical waveguide discontinuities,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 52–57 (1988).
- B. Broberg and S. Lindgren, “Refractive index of In_{1–x}Ga_{x}As_{y}P_{1–y} layers and InP in the transparent wavelength region,” J. Appl. Phys. 55, 3376–3381 (1984).
- L. H. Spiekman, Y. S. Oei, E. G. Metaal, F. H. Groen, I. Moerman, and M. K. Smit, “Extremely small multimode interference couplers and ultrashort bends on InP by deep etching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1008–1010 (1994).
- C. H. Henry and Y. Shani, “Analysis of mode propagation in optical waveguide devices by Fourier expansion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 523–530 (1991).
- L. H. Spiekman, “Compact integrated optical components for telecommunication networks,” Ph.D. dissertation (Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 1990).
Cited By |
Alert me when this paper is cited |
OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.
« Previous Article | Next Article »
OSA is a member of CrossRef.