OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 37, Iss. 24 — Aug. 20, 1998
  • pp: 5747–5754

Finite-element analysis of lossy TE–TM modes in metal-clad optical waveguides

Christos Themistos, B. M. Azizur Rahman, and Kenneth Thomas Victor Grattan  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 24, pp. 5747-5754 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.37.005747


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (211 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Finite-element analysis employing the scalar and vector H-field formulations and with the aid of the perturbation technique is used to calculate the TE–TM complex propagation characteristics of integrated optical devices in gallium arsenide, lithium niobate, and silica fiber, incorporating a lossy metal cladding. The propagation and attenuation properties of several types of metal-clad planar optical waveguide, which exhibit surface-plasmon properties for the TM polarization, are reviewed, and the modal loss caused by the metal cladding in a titanium-diffused lithium niobate electro-optic directional coupler modulator, an indium gallium arsenide phosphide-based TE–TM optical polarizer, and a submicron metal-clad silica fiber suitable for near-field optical scanning microscopy is calculated.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.0230) Optical devices : Optical devices
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(250.7360) Optoelectronics : Waveguide modulators
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization

History
Original Manuscript: November 25, 1997
Revised Manuscript: March 30, 1998
Published: August 20, 1998

Citation
Christos Themistos, B. M. Azizur Rahman, and Kenneth Thomas Victor Grattan, "Finite-element analysis of lossy TE–TM modes in metal-clad optical waveguides," Appl. Opt. 37, 5747-5754 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-37-24-5747


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. L. Sun, G. L. Yip, “Analysis of metal-clad optical waveguide polarizers by the vector beam propagation method,” Appl. Opt. 33, 1047–1050 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. L. Wooten, W. S. C. Chang, “Test structures for characterization of electrooptic waveguide modulators in lithium niobate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 161–170 (1993). [CrossRef]
  3. L. Novotny, D. W. Pohl, P. Regli, “Light propagation through nanometer-sized structures: the two-dimensional aperture scanning near-field optical microscope,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1768–1779 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Reisinger, “Characteristics of optical guided modes in lossy waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 12, 1015–1025 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. N. Zervas, “Surface plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin metal films,” Opt. Lett. 16, 720–722 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. P. Silvester, R. L. Ferrari, “Finite elements for electrical engineers,” (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1991).
  7. B. M. A. Rahman, J. B. Davies, “Finite-element solution of integrated optical waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 682–688 (1984). [CrossRef]
  8. B. M. A. Rahman, J. B. Davies, “Vector-H finite element solution of GaAs/GaAlAs rib waveguides,” IEE Proc.-Optoelectron. 132, 349–353 (1985). [CrossRef]
  9. C. Themistos, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, “Finite element analysis for lossy waveguides by using perturbation technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 537–539 (1994). [CrossRef]
  10. C. Themistos, A. Hadjicharalambous, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, “Loss/gain characterization of optical waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1760–1765 (1995). [CrossRef]
  11. C. Themistos, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, “Finite-element analysis of surface-plasmon modes for lossy optical waveguides by the use of perturbation techniques,” Appl. Opt. 34, 7695–7701 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. Themistos, A. Hadjicharalambous, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, F. A. Fernandez, “Gain/loss characterisation of optical waveguide and semiconductor laser structures,” IEE Proc.-Optoelectron. 145, 93–98 (1998). [CrossRef]
  13. A. D. Boardman, Electromagnetic Surface Modes (Wiley, New York, 1982).
  14. A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).
  15. W. Johnstone, G. Steward, B. Culshaw, T. Hart, “Fibre-optic polarizers and polarizing couplers,” Electron. Lett. 24, 866–868 (1988). [CrossRef]
  16. P. Albrecht, M. Hamacher, H. Heidrich, D. Hoffman, H.-P. Nolting, C. M. Weinert, “TE/TM mode splitters on InGaAsP/InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 114–115 (1990). [CrossRef]
  17. U. Durig, D. W. Pohl, F. Rohner, “Near-field optical-scanning microscopy,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3318–3327 (1986). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited