A large throughput transmission spectrometer, with a grating on a prism as the diffraction element, has been developed to study altitude distributions of auroral emissions. The imaging spectrometer disperses spectrally in one dimension while spatial information is preserved in the orthogonal direction. The image is projected onto a CCD array detector. Image processing methods have been developed to calibrate for wavelength, uniform field, spectral sensitivity, curvature of field, and spatial mapping. Single images are processed to represent a measured signal brightness in a unit of Rayleighs/pixel, from which area integrations can be made for desired spatial–spectral resolution. System performance is ~1.5-nm resolution over a 450-nm bandwidth (420–870 nm). Two spectrometer systems of this design were operated simultaneously, one with additional optical instruments and an incoherent scatter radar at Sondrestrom, Greenland, and the other at Godhavn, Greenland, which lies 290 km to the northwest and nearly in the magnetic meridian of Sondrestrom. The developed system, calibration method, and examples of performance results are presented.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
(100.2960) Image processing : Image analysis
(110.0110) Imaging systems : Imaging systems
(120.6200) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
(300.6550) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, visible
Gary R. Swenson, Richard L. Rairden, Stanley C. Solomon, and Sharath Ananth, "Imaging Spectroscopy for Two-Dimensional Characterization of Auroral Emissions," Appl. Opt. 37, 5760-5770 (1998)