OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 37, Iss. 25 — Sep. 1, 1998
  • pp: 5854–5863

Rigorous coupled-wave analysis for practical planar dielectric gratings: 2. Diffraction by a surface-eroded hologram layer

Naohiro Kamiya  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 25, pp. 5854-5863 (1998)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (356 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The diffraction efficiencies of practical dielectric holograms are evaluated with rigorous coupled-wave analysis. The cases of the hologram surfaces eroded in several shapes are treated and compared with those in which the surfaces are not eroded and with those in which there are only surface gratings. Eroding the surface will increase the higher-order reflection diffraction efficiencies and the transmissions, thus reducing the first reflection and the zeroth transmission. However, sealing the hologram with a cover plate, as is done in manufacturing many holograms, extinguishes the erosion effect.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1960) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction theory
(050.7330) Diffraction and gratings : Volume gratings
(090.2870) Holography : Holographic display
(090.2890) Holography : Holographic optical elements
(090.2900) Holography : Optical storage materials

Original Manuscript: September 3, 1997
Revised Manuscript: December 5, 1997
Published: September 1, 1998

Naohiro Kamiya, "Rigorous coupled-wave analysis for practical planar dielectric gratings: 2. Diffraction by a surface-eroded hologram layer," Appl. Opt. 37, 5854-5863 (1998)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. N. Leith, A. Kozma, J. Upatnieks, J. Marks, N. Massey, “Holographic data storage in three-dimensional media,” Appl. Opt. 5, 1303–1311 (1966). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. B. Burckhardt, “Diffraction of a plane wave at a sinusoidally stratified dielectric grating,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 1502–1509 (1966). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
  4. See, T. K. Gaylord, M. G. Moharam, “Analysis and applications of optical diffraction by gratings,” Proc. IEEE 73, 894–937 (1985). [CrossRef]
  5. J. T. Sheridan, “Generalization of the boundary diffraction method for volume gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 649–656 (1994). [CrossRef]
  6. L. Solymar, D. J. Cooke, Volume Holography and Volume Gratings (Academic, London, 1981).
  7. R. R. A. Syms, Practical Volume Holography (Clarendon, Oxford, 1990).
  8. M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, “Rigorous coupled-wave analysis of planar-grating diffraction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 811–818 (1981). [CrossRef]
  9. N. Kamiya, “Rigorous coupled-wave analysis for practical planar dielectric gratings: 1. Thickness-changed holograms and some characteristics of diffraction efficiency,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5843–5853 (1998). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Sjölinder, “Dichromated gelatin and the mechanism of hologram formation,” Photogr. Sci. Eng. 25, 112–118 (1981).
  11. E. G. Loewen, M. Nevière, D. Maystre, “Grating efficiency theory as it applies to blazed and holographic gratings,” Appl. Opt. 16, 2711–2721 (1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, “Diffraction analysis of dielectric surface-relief gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 1385–1392 (1982). [CrossRef]
  13. D. M. Pai, K. A. Awada, “Analysis of dielectric gratings of arbitrary profiles and thickness,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 755–762 (1991). [CrossRef]
  14. Lifeng Li, “Multilayer modal method for diffraction gratings of arbitrary profile, depth, and permittivity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2581–2591 (1993). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Nevière, “Bragg–Fresnel multilayer gratings: electromagnetic theory,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1835–1845 (1994). [CrossRef]
  16. R. D. Rallison, S. R. Schicker, “Polarization propaties of gelatin holograms,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 266–275 (1992). [CrossRef]
  17. G. Campbell, T. J. Kim, R. K. Kostuk, “Comparison of methods for determining the bias index of a dichromated gelatin hologram,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2548–2555 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited