The diffraction efficiencies of practical dielectric holograms are evaluated with rigorous coupled-wave analysis. The cases of the hologram surfaces eroded in several shapes are treated and compared with those in which the surfaces are not eroded and with those in which there are only surface gratings. Eroding the surface will increase the higher-order reflection diffraction efficiencies and the transmissions, thus reducing the first reflection and the zeroth transmission. However, sealing the hologram with a cover plate, as is done in manufacturing many holograms, extinguishes the erosion effect.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
(050.1960) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction theory
(050.7330) Diffraction and gratings : Volume gratings
(090.2870) Holography : Holographic display
(090.2890) Holography : Holographic optical elements
(090.2900) Holography : Optical storage materials
Naohiro Kamiya, "Rigorous Coupled-Wave Analysis for Practical Planar Dielectric Gratings: 2. Diffraction by a Surface-Eroded Hologram Layer," Appl. Opt. 37, 5854-5863 (1998)