OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 37, Iss. 32 — Nov. 10, 1998
  • pp: 7504–7513

Implementation of a spatially multiplexed pixelated three-dimensional display by use of a holographic optical element array

Shih-Tun Chen and Monish R. Chatterjee  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 32, pp. 7504-7513 (1998)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (304 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A pixelated holographic stereogram is proposed and experimentally studied for the emulation of a spatially multiplexed composite three-dimensional (3-D) pixel display. With this approach, pixelated holograms are utilized to compose spatially multiplexed images. Each composite pixel in the holographic optical element array has a diffraction pattern that scatters light into predefined spatial directions. Under reconstruction, each pixel generates different intensities along a range of viewing angles. When the composite holographic pixel array is assembled, it has the capability to deliver 3-D effects. The technique, together with a novel recording scheme that is designed to synthesize a computerized 3-D display system based on this concept, is described in some detail.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.1760) Holography : Computer holography
(090.2870) Holography : Holographic display
(090.2890) Holography : Holographic optical elements
(090.4220) Holography : Multiplex holography
(120.2040) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Displays
(160.2900) Materials : Optical storage materials

Original Manuscript: February 9, 1998
Revised Manuscript: April 29, 1998
Published: November 10, 1998

Shih-Tun Chen and Monish R. Chatterjee, "Implementation of a spatially multiplexed pixelated three-dimensional display by use of a holographic optical element array," Appl. Opt. 37, 7504-7513 (1998)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K. Iizuka, Engineering Optics (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1985). [CrossRef]
  2. T. Takeda, Y. Fukui, K. Hashimoto, N. Hiruma, “Three-dimensional visual stimulator,” Appl. Opt. 34, 732–738 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. R. Boff, L. Kaufman, J. P. Thomas, Handbook of Perception and Human Performance (Wiley, New York, 1986).
  4. A. R. Travis, “Autostereoscopic 3-D display,” Appl. Opt. 29, 4341–4343 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. N. A. Dodgson, “Analysis of the viewing zone of the Cambridge autostereoscopic display,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1705–1710 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. I. Khoo, “Holographic grating formation in dye- or fullerene-C60-doped liquid crystal film,” Opt. Photon. News 6(12), 29 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. K. Meerholz, “A photorefractive polymer with high gain and diffraction near 100%,” Nature 371, 497 (1994). [CrossRef]
  8. J. C. Palais, M. E. Miller, “Holographic movies,” Opt. Eng. 35, 2578–2582 (1996). [CrossRef]
  9. K. E. Jachimowicz, R. S. Gold, “Stereoscopic 3D projection display using polarized color multiplexing,” Opt. Eng. 29, 838–842 (1990). [CrossRef]
  10. P. St. Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, “Synthetic aperture holography: a novel approach to three-dimensional displays,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 1969–1977 (1992). [CrossRef]
  11. J. H. Kulick, G. P. Nordin, A. Parker, S. T. Kowel, R. G. Lindquist, M. Jones, P. Nasiatka, “Partial pixels: a three-dimensional diffractive display architecture,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 73–83 (1995). [CrossRef]
  12. D. L. MacFarlane, “Volumetric three-dimensional display,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7453–7457 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. Takeda, Y. Fukui, K. Hashimoto, N. Hiruma, “Three-dimensional visual stimulator,” Appl. Opt. 34, 732–738 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T.-C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. Schilling, Y. Suzuki, M. H. Wu, “Holographic three-dimensional display using an electron-beam-addressed spatial light modulator,” Opt. Rev. 4, 567–571 (1997). [CrossRef]
  15. S.-T. Chen, M. R. Chatterjee, “Computer generated, spatially multiplexed message display using a holographic optical element array,” paper presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon, 10–15 September 1995 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), p. 150.
  16. M. C. King, “Multiple exposure hologram recording of a 3-D image with a 360° view (L),” Appl. Opt. 7, 1641–1642 (1968). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. C. King, A. M. Noll, D. H. Berry, “A new approach to computer generated holography,” Appl. Opt. 9, 471–475 (1969). [CrossRef]
  18. S. A. Benton, “Holgraphic displays: 1975–1980,” Opt. Eng. 19, 686–690 (1980).
  19. W. Spierings, E. van Nuland, “Development of an office holoprinter II,” in Practical Holography VI, S. A. Benton, ed., Proc. SPIE1667, 52–62 (1992). [CrossRef]
  20. L. P. Yaroslavski, N. S. Merzlyakov, Methods of Digital Holography (Consultants Bureau, New York, 1980).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited