OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 37, Iss. 33 — Nov. 20, 1998
  • pp: 7729–7736

Photochemical effect in two-photon laser-induced fluorescence detection of carbon monoxide in hydrocarbon flames

Anatoli P. Nefedov, Vladimir A. Sinel’shchikov, Alexander D. Usachev, and Andrei V. Zobnin  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 33, pp. 7729-7736 (1998)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (196 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The CO formation as a result of the CO2 photodissociation at 230.08 nm was observed by using the two-photon laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) method. The measurements were performed in a propane–air combustion product flow and in mixtures of CO2 and O2. The temperature dependence of the fluorescence signal caused by CO molecules, produced in the photodissociation of CO2 molecules under the action of laser radiation at a wavelength of 230.08 nm, was measured at temperatures ranging from 1300 to 2000 K. It is shown that consideration of CO2 photodissociation under the action of the probing radiation is necessary when one applies the two-photon LIF method for the measurement of small CO concentrations in high-temperature gas mixtures containing CO2. As an example, a correction is given of the CO concentration profiles measured by the LIF method in the combustion product flow around a cooled metallic plate.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(120.1740) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Combustion diagnostics
(260.5130) Physical optics : Photochemistry
(300.2530) Spectroscopy : Fluorescence, laser-induced

Original Manuscript: September 29, 1997
Revised Manuscript: May 29, 1998
Published: November 20, 1998

Anatoli P. Nefedov, Vladimir A. Sinel’shchikov, Alexander D. Usachev, and Andrei V. Zobnin, "Photochemical effect in two-photon laser-induced fluorescence detection of carbon monoxide in hydrocarbon flames," Appl. Opt. 37, 7729-7736 (1998)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. Alden, S. Wallin, W. Wendt, “Application of two photon absorption for detection of CO in combustion gases,” Appl. Phys. B 33, 205–208 (1984). [CrossRef]
  2. J. M. Seitzman, J. Haumann, R. K. Hanson, “Quantitative two-photon LIF imaging of carbon monoxide in combustion gases,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2892–2899 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. L. van Oostendorp, W. T. A. Borghols, H. B. Levinsky, “The influence of ambient air entrainment on partially premixed burner flames: LIF imaging of CO and OH,” Combust. Sci. Technol. 79, 195–206 (1991). [CrossRef]
  4. A. V. Mokhov, H. B. Levinsky, C. E. van der Meij, R. A. A. M. Jacobs, “Analysis of laser-induced-fluorescence carbon monoxide measurements in turbulent nonpremixed flames,” Appl. Opt. 34, 7074–7082 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. J. H. Tjossen, K. C. Smyth, “Multiphoton excitation spectroscopy of the B1Σ+ and C1Σ+ Rydberg states of CO,” J. Chem. Phys. 91, 2041–2048 (1989). [CrossRef]
  6. J. S. Bernstein, A. Fein, J. B. Choi, T. A. Cool, R. C. Sausa, S. L. Howard, R. J. Locke, A. W. Miziolek, “Laser-based flame species profile measurements: a comparison with flame model predictions,” Combust. Flame 92, 85–105 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. U. Meier, K. Kohse-Hoinghaus, Th. Just, “H and O atom detection for combustion applications: study of quenching and laser photolysis effects,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 126, 567–573 (1986). [CrossRef]
  8. J. E. M. Golgsmith, “Photochemical effects in two-photon-excited fluorescence detection of atomic oxygen in flame,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3566–3572 (1987). [CrossRef]
  9. J. E. M. Golgsmith, M. Alden, U. Westblom, “Photochemical effects in multiple species fluorescence imaging in hydrogen–nitrous oxide flames,” Appl. Opt. 29, 4852–4859 (1990). [CrossRef]
  10. U. Westblom, S. Agrup, M. Alden, P. Cederbalk, “Detection of nitrogen atoms in flames using two-photon laser-induced fluorescence and investigations of photochemical effects,” Appl. Opt. 30, 2990–3002 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Koshi, M. Yoshimura, H. Matsui, “Photodissociation of O2 and CO2 from vibrationally excited states at high temperature,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 176, 519–525 (1991). [CrossRef]
  12. A. V. Eremin, V. V. Shumova, V. S. Ziborov, H-J. Mick, P. Roth, “Laser-flash-photolysis study of the decomposition of vibrationally excited CO2,” in Proceedings of the 20th International Symposium on Shock Waves (World Scientific, Pasadena, Calif., 1995), Vol. 2, pp. 881–886.
  13. A. P. Zuev, A. Y. Starikovsky, “UV absorption cross section of the molecules O2, NO, N2O, CO2, H2O, and NO2,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 52, 304–313 (1990). [CrossRef]
  14. A. V. Mokhov, A. P. Nefedov, “Calibrated low-temperature plasma source for diagnostic research,” High Temp. (USSR) 25, 609–613 (1987).
  15. S. A. Self, I. A. Vasilèva, A. P. Nefedov, “Plasma diagnostics in an MHD installation,” in Open-Cycle Magnetohydrodynamic Electrical Power Generation, M. Petric, B. Ya. Shumyatsky, eds. (Argonne National Laboratories, Argonne, Ill., 1978), Chap. 14, pp. 622–680.
  16. M. S. Benilov, P. A. Pozdeev, B. V. Rogov, V. A. Sinel’shchikov, “Nonequilibrium boundary layer of potassium-seeded combustion products,” Combust. Flame 98, 313–325 (1994). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Drabbels, J. Heinze, J. J. ter Meulen, W. L. Meerts, “High resolution double-resonance spectroscopy on Rydberg states of CO,” J. Chem. Phys. 99, 5701–5711 (1993). [CrossRef]
  18. F. Westley, Table of Recommended Rate Constants for Chemical Reactions Occurring in Combustion (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., 1980).
  19. M. G. Kasparov, A. V. Mokhov, A. P. Nefedov, “Formation kinetics of sodium compounds in combustion product plasmas of propane in air,” High Temp. (USSR) 26, 463–469 (1988).
  20. A. P. Nefedov, B. V. Rogov, V. A. Sinels̀hchikov, “Influence of parameters of flow in a parallel plate channel on the CO content of the combustion products,” in Eighth International Symposium on Transport Phenomena in Combustion (Taylor & Francis, Washington, D.C., 1996), Vol. 2, pp. 1818–1828.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited