OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 37, Iss. 34 — Dec. 1, 1998
  • pp: 8038–8042

Effects of space exposure on ion-beam-deposited silicon-carbide and boron-carbide coatings

Ritva A. M. Keski-Kuha, Gerald M. Blumenstock, Charles M. Fleetwood, and Dirk-Roger Schmitt  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 34, pp. 8038-8042 (1998)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (89 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Two recently developed optical coatings, ion-beam-deposited silicon carbide and ion-beam-deposited boron carbide, are very attractive as coatings on optical components for instruments for space astronomy and earth sciences operating in the extreme-UV spectral region because of their high reflectivity, significantly higher than any conventional coating below 105 nm. To take full advantage of these coatings in space applications, it is important to establish their ability to withstand exposure to the residual atomic oxygen and other environmental effects at low-earth-orbit altitudes. The first two flights of the Surface Effects Sample Monitor experiments flown on the ORFEUS-SPAS and the CRISTA-SPAS Shuttle missions provided the opportunity to study the effects of space exposure on these materials. The results indicate a need to protect ion-beam-deposited silicon-carbide-coated optical components from environmental effects in a low-earth orbit. The boron-carbide thin-film coating is a more robust coating able to withstand short-term exposure to atomic oxygen in a low-earth-orbit environment.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties
(260.7200) Physical optics : Ultraviolet, extreme
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties

Original Manuscript: August 24, 1998
Published: December 1, 1998

Ritva A. M. Keski-Kuha, Gerald M. Blumenstock, Charles M. Fleetwood, and Dirk-Roger Schmitt, "Effects of space exposure on ion-beam-deposited silicon-carbide and boron-carbide coatings," Appl. Opt. 37, 8038-8042 (1998)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. T. R. Gull, Howard Herzig, J. F. Osantowski, A. R. Toft, “Low earth orbit environmental effects on osmium and related optical thin-film coatings,” Appl. Opt. 24, 2660–2665 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. Herzig, A. R. Toft, C. M. Fleetwood, “Long-duration orbital effects on optical coating materials,” Appl. Opt. 32, 1798–1804 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. N. Raikar, J. C. Gregory, W. D. Partlow, H. Herzig, W. J. Choyke, “Surface characterization of SiC mirrors exposed to fast atomic oxygen,” Surf. Interface Anal. 23, 77–82 (1995). [CrossRef]
  4. R. A. M. Keski-Kuha, J. F. Osantowski, H. Herzig, J. S. Gum, A. R. Toft, “Normal incidence reflectance of ion beam deposited SiC films in the EUV,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2815–2816 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. M. Blumenstock, R. A. M. Keski-Kuha, “Ion beam deposited boron carbide coatings for the EUV,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5962–5963 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. M. Blumenstock, R. A. M. Keski-Kuha, M. L. Ginter, “Extreme ultraviolet properties of ion-beam-deposited boron carbide thin films,” in X-Ray and Extreme Ultraviolet Optics, R. B. Hoover, A. B. C. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE2515, 558–564 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. J. F. Osantowski, R. A. M. Keski-Kuha, H. Herzig, A. R. Toft, J. S. Gum, C. M. Fleetwood, “Optical coating technology for the EUV,” Adv. Space Res. 11, 185–201 (1991). [CrossRef]
  8. D.-R. Schmitt, H. Swoboda, H. Rosteck, “Scatter and roughness measurements on optical surfaces exposed to space,” in Optical Scatter: Applications, Measurement, and Theory, J. C. Stover, ed., Proc. SPIE1530, 104–110 (1991). [CrossRef]
  9. D.-R. Schmitt, G. Ringel, F. Kratz, R. Neubauer, H. Swoboda, J. Hampe, “Degradation of optical components in the low earth orbit,” in Space Optics 1994: Space Instrumentation and Spacecraft Optics, T. M. Dewandre, J. J. Schulte-in-den-Baeumen, E. Sein, eds., Proc. SPIE2210, 449–465 (1994). [CrossRef]
  10. National Space Science Data Center, Code 632, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. 20771.
  11. J. F. Osantowski, “Reflectance and optical constants for Cer-Vit from 250 to 1050,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 834–838 (1974). [CrossRef]
  12. Evans East, 666 Plainsboro Road, Suite 1236, N.J. 08536.
  13. D. Schwarcz, R. A. M. Keski-Kuha, “Degradation in EUV reflectance of ion-sputtered SiC films,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 354, 535–540 (1995). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited