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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 37, Iss. 35 — Dec. 10, 1998
  • pp: 8173–8180

Problem of Track Offset in Optical Disk Systems

Ronald E. Gerber, Timothy S. Gardner, and David B. Kay  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 35, pp. 8173-8180 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.37.008173


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Abstract

In an optical disk drive, it is well known that a tilt of the disk causes an offset in the tracking-error signal (TES). One effect of disk tilt is the introduction of a dc component to the TES, which can be largely corrected by operation of the tracking system at the midpoint between the maximum and the minimum values of the open-loop TES. However, this method of correcting for the dc shift in the TES does not correct for the effect of coma in the focused spot, which leads to track offset. The track offset of a system is defined as the distance between the peak irradiance in the focused spot and the center of the groove when the tracking system is operating at the midpoint between the maximum and the minimum values of the open-loop TES in the presence of disk tilt. Calculations are performed that show the dependence of track offset on various system parameters, including track pitch, wavelength, and numerical aperture and rim intensity of the objective lens, and on the regions of the beam used to generate the TES. The track offsets for several beam-segmentation schemes are calculated for a digital versatile disk that uses push–pull and differential phase tracking. It is shown that for differential phase tracking the value of track offset depends on the mark length.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.0050) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction and gratings
(050.1940) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(210.0210) Optical data storage : Optical data storage
(210.4590) Optical data storage : Optical disks
(210.4810) Optical data storage : Optical storage-recording materials

Citation
Ronald E. Gerber, Timothy S. Gardner, and David B. Kay, "Problem of Track Offset in Optical Disk Systems," Appl. Opt. 37, 8173-8180 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-37-35-8173


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References

  1. A. B. Marchant, “Focus and tracking servos,” in Optical Recording: A Technical Overview (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1990), pp. 171–181.
  2. J. Braat, “Read-out of optical discs,” in Principles of Optical Disc Systems, G. Bouwhuis, J. Braat, A. Huijser, J. Pasman, G. van Rosmalen, and K. Schouhamer Immink, eds. (Hilger, Boston, Mass., 1985), pp. 7–38.
  3. R. E. Gerber, “The irradiance distribution at the exit pupil of the objective lens in optical disk data storage,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Arizona, Tucson, Ariz., 1995).
  4. C. L. Bartlett, D. Kay, and M. Mansuripur, “Computer simulations of effects of disk tilt and lens tilt on push–pull tracking error signal in an optical disk drive,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8467–8473 (1997).
  5. M. Mansuripur, “Analysis of multilayer thin-film structures containing magneto-optic and anisotropic media at oblique incidence using 2 × 2 matrices,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 6466–6475 (1990).
  6. M. Mansuripur, “Certain computational aspects of vector diffraction problems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 786–805 (1989); erratum 10, 382–383 (1993).

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