A critical evaluation of various theoretical techniques for calculating the reflectivity of one-dimensional metallic randomly rough surfaces is presented. We proceed by comparing experimental and rigorous numerical results with those obtained with three perturbation theories and the Kirchhoff approximation. The samples were fabricated in photoresist, and their metallized surface profiles constitute good approximations to Gaussian-correlated, Gaussian random processes. The correlation lengths of these surfaces range from approximately one third to approximately three times the infrared wavelengths employed. The results show that the phase-perturbation theory has wider applicability than the other perturbation theories and the results based on the Kirchhoff approximation.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
(030.1640) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherence
(120.5700) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Reflection
(240.5770) Optics at surfaces : Roughness
(290.0290) Scattering : Scattering
Elena I. Chaikina, A. Georgina Navarrete, Eugenio R. Méndez, Amalia Martínez, and Alexei A. Maradudin, "Coherent Scattering by One-Dimensional Randomly Rough Metallic Surfaces," Appl. Opt. 37, 1110-1121 (1998)