OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 37, Iss. 6 — Feb. 20, 1998
  • pp: 961–970

Stratification and size distribution of aerosols retrieved from simultaneous measurements with lidar, a sunphotometer, and an aureolemeter

Tadahiro Hayasaka, Yasuhiko Meguro, Yasuhiro Sasano, and Tamio Takamura  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 6, pp. 961-970 (1998)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (192 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Vertical profiles of backscattering coefficients, optical thicknesses, and columnar size distributions of aerosols were obtained by simultaneous measurements with lidar, a sunphotometer, and an aureolemeter in Tsukuba, Japan, from November 1991 to December 1992. Several conspicuous characteristics were found in the relationship between aerosol size distribution and stratification. In summer an accumulation mode is dominant, and aerosols were heavily loaded in the planetary boundary layer. Turbid atmospheres with an abundance of large particles are observed in the middle troposphere in the spring. In autumn and winter the troposphere is clear so that columnar aerosol size distributions reflect stratospheric aerosols. During the observation period, volcanic aerosols that are due to the Mt. Pinatubo eruption were being loaded in the stratosphere. The mode radius in the volume size distribution of the stratospheric aerosol was observed to increase from 0.45 μm in November 1991 to 0.6 μm in October 1992, and decreased after October 1992. Total aerosol loading in the stratosphere was estimated to be maximum in the spring of 1992, minimum in the autumn of 1992, and increased again after the autumn of 1992.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1110) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Aerosols
(010.3640) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Lidar

Original Manuscript: February 13, 1997
Revised Manuscript: August 22, 1997
Published: February 20, 1998

Tadahiro Hayasaka, Yasuhiko Meguro, Yasuhiro Sasano, and Tamio Takamura, "Stratification and size distribution of aerosols retrieved from simultaneous measurements with lidar, a sunphotometer, and an aureolemeter," Appl. Opt. 37, 961-970 (1998)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K. T. Whitby, “The physical characteristics of sulfur aerosols,” Atmos. Environ. 12, 135–159 (1978). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Tanaka, T. Hayasaka, T. Nakajima, “Airborne measurements of optical properties of tropospheric aerosols over an urban area,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 68, 335–345 (1990).
  3. M. Shiobara, T. Hayasaka, T. Nakajima, M. Tanaka, “Aerosol monitoring using a scanning spectral radiometer in Sendai, Japan,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 69, 57–70 (1991).
  4. B. W. Fitch, T. S. Cress, “Measurements of aerosol size distribution in the lower troposphere over northern Europe,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 20, 1119–1128 (1981). [CrossRef]
  5. B. W. Fitch, T. S. Cress, “Spatial and temporal variation of tropospheric aerosol volume distributions,” J. Climate Appl. Meteorol. 22, 1262–1269 (1983). [CrossRef]
  6. T. Hayasaka, T. Nakajima, M. Tanaka, “The coarse particle aerosols in the free troposphere around Japan,” J. Geophys. Res. 95, 14,039–14,047 (1990). [CrossRef]
  7. T. Nakajima, M. Tanaka, T. Hayasaka, Y. Miyake, Y. Nakanishi, K. Sasamoto, “Airborne measurements of the optical stratification of aerosols in turbid atmospheres,” Appl. Opt. 25, 4374–4381 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. N. H. Farlow, G. V. Ferry, H. Y. Lem, D. M. Hayes, “Latitudinal variations of stratospheric aerosols,” J. Geophys. Res. 84, 733–743 (1979). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Asano, A. Uchiyama, M. Shiobara, “Spectral optical thickness and size distribution of the Pinatubo volcanic aerosols as estimated by ground-based sunphotometry,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 71, 165–173 (1993).
  10. R. G. Grainger, A. Lambert, C. D. Rodgers, F. W. Taylor, T. Deshler, “Stratospheric aerosol effective radius, surface area and volume estimated from infrared measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 16,507–16,518 (1995). [CrossRef]
  11. T. Deshler, B. J. Johnson, W. R. Rozier, “Balloonborne measurements of Pinatubo aerosol during 1991 and 1992 at 41 °N: vertical profiles, size distribution, and volatility,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 20, 1435–1438 (1993). [CrossRef]
  12. H. Shimizu, Y. Sasano, H. Nakane, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, N. Takeuchi, “Large scale laser radar for measuring aerosol distribution over a wide area,” Appl. Opt. 24, 617–626 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. D. Spinhirne, J. A. Reagan, B. M. Herman, “Vertical distribution of aerosol extinction cross section and influence of aerosol imaginary index in the troposphere by lidar technique,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 19, 426–438 (1980). [CrossRef]
  14. J. A. Reagan, D. M. Byrne, M. D. King, J. D. Spinhirne, B. M. Herman, “Determination of the complex refractive index and size distribution of atmospheric particulates from bistatic–monostatic lidar and solar radiometer measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 85, 1591–1599 (1980). [CrossRef]
  15. T. J. Swissler, M. P. McCormick, J. D. Spinhirne, “El Chichon eruption cloud: comparison of lidar and optical thickness measurements for October 1982,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 885–888 (1983). [CrossRef]
  16. G. Yamamoto, M. Tanaka, “Determination of aerosol size distribution from spectral attenuation measurements,” Appl. Opt. 8, 447–453 (1969). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. D. King, B. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, J. A. Reagan, “Aerosol size distributions obtained by inversion of spectral optical depth measurements,” J. Atmos. Sci. 35, 2153–2167 (1978). [CrossRef]
  18. F. G. Fernald, “Analysis of atmospheric lidar observations: some comments,” Appl. Opt. 23, 652–653 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. P. B. Russell, J. M. Livingston, “Slant-lidar aerosol extinction measurements and their relation to measured and calculated albedo changes,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 23, 1204–1221 (1984). [CrossRef]
  20. T. Takamura, Y. Sasano, T. Hayasaka, “Tropospheric aerosol optical properties derived from lidar, sun photometer, and optical particle counter measurements,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7132–7140 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. Y. Sasano, H. Nakane, “Quantitative analysis of RHI lidar data by an iterative adjustment of the boundary condition term in the lidar solution,” Appl. Opt. 26, 615–616 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. T. Nakajima, M. Tanaka, T. Yamauchi, “Retrieval of the optical properties of aerosols from aureole and extinction data,” Appl. Opt. 22, 2951–2959 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. T. Nakajima, M. Tanaka, “Algorithms for radiative intensity calculations in moderately thick atmospheres using a truncation approximation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 40, 51–69 (1988). [CrossRef]
  24. H. Ogawa, M. Tanaka, T. Nakajima, “A simple expression for the additional sky radiance produced by polarization effects,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 67, 877–888 (1989).
  25. J. B. Pollack, J. N. Cuzzi, “Scattering by nonspherical particles of size comparable to a wavelength: a new semi-empirical theory and its application to tropospheric aerosols,” J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 868–881 (1980). [CrossRef]
  26. H. E. Gerber, “Absorption of light by atmospheric aerosol particles: review of instrumentation and measurements,” in Light Absorption by Aerosol Particles, H. E. Gerber, E. E. Hindman, eds. (Spectrum, Hampton, Va., 1982), pp. 21–53.
  27. A. Deepak, H. E. Gerber, eds., “Report of the Experts Meeting on Aerosols and Their Climatic Effects,” WCP-55 (World Meteorological Organisation, Geneva, 1983).
  28. T. Takamura, M. Tanaka, “Some uncertainties in optical properties of aerosols estimated from light scattering measurements,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 63, 969–974 (1985).
  29. M. Tanaka, M. Shiobara, T. Nakajima, M. Yamano, K. Arao, “Aerosol optical characteristics in the Yellow Sand Events observed in May, 1982 at Nagasaki: Part I. Observations,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 67, 249–265 (1989).
  30. K. Kai, Y. Okada, O. Uchino, I. Tabata, H. Nakamura, T. Takasugi, Y. Nikaidou, “Lidar observation and numerical simulation of a Kosa (Asian dust) over Tsukuba, Japan during the spring of 1986,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 66, 457–472 (1988).
  31. G. A. d’Almeida, P. Koepke, E. P. Shettle , Atmospheric Aerosols. Global Climatology and Radiative Characteristics (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 1991).
  32. O. B. Toon, J. B. Pollack, “A global average model of atmospheric aerosols for radiative transfer calculations,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 15, 225–246 (1976). [CrossRef]
  33. H. Jäger, D. Hofmann, “Midlatitude lidar backscatter to mass, area, and extinction conversion model based on in situ aerosol measurements from 1980 to 1987,” Appl. Opt. 30, 127–138 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. T. Hayasaka, N. Iwasaka, G. Hashida, I. Takizawa, M. Tanaka, “Changes in stratospheric aerosols and solar insolation due to Mt. Pinatubo eruption as observed over the Western Pacific,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1137–1140 (1994). [CrossRef]
  35. T. Nagai, O. Uchino, T. Fujimoto, Y. Sai, K. Tamashiro, R. Nomura, T. Sunagawa, “Lidar observation of the stratospheric aerosol layer over Okinawa, Japan, after the Mt. Pinatubo volcanic eruption,” J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn. 71, 749–755 (1993).
  36. P. Hamill, O. B. Toon, C. S. Kiang, “Microphysical processes affecting stratospheric aerosol particles,” J. Atmos. Sci. 34, 1104–1119 (1977). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited