Vertical profiles of backscattering coefficients, optical thicknesses, and columnar size distributions of aerosols were obtained by simultaneous measurements with lidar, a sunphotometer, and an aureolemeter in Tsukuba, Japan, from November 1991 to December 1992. Several conspicuous characteristics were found in the relationship between aerosol size distribution and stratification. In summer an accumulation mode is dominant, and aerosols were heavily loaded in the planetary boundary layer. Turbid atmospheres with an abundance of large particles are observed in the middle troposphere in the spring. In autumn and winter the troposphere is clear so that columnar aerosol size distributions reflect stratospheric aerosols. During the observation period, volcanic aerosols that are due to the Mt. Pinatubo eruption were being loaded in the stratosphere. The mode radius in the volume size distribution of the stratospheric aerosol was observed to increase from 0.45 μm in November 1991 to 0.6 μm in October 1992, and decreased after October 1992. Total aerosol loading in the stratosphere was estimated to be maximum in the spring of 1992, minimum in the autumn of 1992, and increased again after the autumn of 1992.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: February 13, 1997
Revised Manuscript: August 22, 1997
Published: February 20, 1998
Tadahiro Hayasaka, Yasuhiko Meguro, Yasuhiro Sasano, and Tamio Takamura, "Stratification and size distribution of aerosols retrieved from simultaneous measurements with lidar, a sunphotometer, and an aureolemeter," Appl. Opt. 37, 961-970 (1998)