OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 37, Iss. 7 — Mar. 1, 1998
  • pp: 1194–1204

High-quality Brewster’s angle polarizer for broadband infrared application

Daniel J. Dummer, Simon G. Kaplan, Leonard M. Hanssen, Alan S. Pine, and Yugin Zong  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 7, pp. 1194-1204 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.37.001194


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (281 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We have designed and constructed a linear polarizer for use with visible and infrared radiation. The broadband polarizer consists of four germanium plates arranged in a chevron geometry. Input radiation is incident near Brewster’s angle for the first plate such that the reflected beam is preferentially s-wave polarized. This reflected beam is steered subsequently to the successive plates, always intersecting near Brewster’s angle. The beam polarization at the output of the device is almost completely s-wave polarized. The ratio of the paraxial flux of the nearly extinguished p-wave polarized light to the s-wave polarized light transmitted through the device is found to be less than 10-5 for laser illumination at wavelengths of 0.633, 1.32, 3.39, and 10.6 μm. Calculations predict that extinction ratios less than 10-5 are achievable over the wavelength range from 0.4 μm to beyond 500 μm. Alternative design geometries involving fewer plates are also described along with their advantages and disadvantages.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.5440) Optical devices : Polarization-selective devices
(260.3060) Physical optics : Infrared
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization

History
Original Manuscript: June 23, 1997
Revised Manuscript: October 14, 1997
Published: March 1, 1998

Citation
Daniel J. Dummer, Simon G. Kaplan, Leonard M. Hanssen, Alan S. Pine, and Yugin Zong, "High-quality Brewster’s angle polarizer for broadband infrared application," Appl. Opt. 37, 1194-1204 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-37-7-1194


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. L. Mattsson, “A focussing VUV-polarizer for valence electron spectroscopy. Design considerations,” Uppsala University Institute of Physics Report UUIP-984 (Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden, 1978).
  2. L. Mattsson, B. Wannberg, H. P. Veenhuizen, I. Reineck, K. Siegbahn, “A focussing VUV-polarizer system for valence electron spectroscopy. Performance and test results,” Uppsala University Institute of Physics Report UUIP-1009 (Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden, 1979).
  3. L. Karlsson, L. Mattson, R. Jadrny, K. Siegbahn, K. Thimm, “Valence electron spectroscopy using polarized He I radiation,” Phys. Lett. A 58, 381–384 (1976). [CrossRef]
  4. G. Rosenbaum, B. Feuerbacher, R. P. Godwin, M. Skibowski, “Measurement of the polarization of extreme ultraviolet synchrotron radiation with a reflecting polarimeter,” Appl. Opt. 7, 1917–1920 (1968). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Polarization: Definitions and Nomenclature, Instrument Polarization, CIE Publication 59 (Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage, Paris, 1984). This standards committee document received special weight in our preference of notation.
  6. J. Shumaker, “Self-study manual on optical radiation measurements. Part I - Concepts,” Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Tech. Note 910-3 (U.S. GPO, Washington, D.C., 1977), Chap. 6.
  7. Sensitivity to beam convergence and input angle are almost always asymmetric because of the necessary asymmetry of the polarizing mechanism. Typically, we refer to the most restrictive angle when quantifying this.
  8. Corning Incorporated, Corning New York, 14831. One version of this type of polarizer is manufactured under the trade name Polarcor.
  9. T. J. Bridges, J. W. Kluver, “Dichroic calcite polarizers for the infrared,” Appl. Opt. 4, 1121–1125 (1965). [CrossRef]
  10. II-VI Incorporated, Saxonburg, Pa. 16056. The PAZ and PAG polarizers consist of six plates of ZnSe and germanium, respectively.
  11. L. J. Terminello, A. B. McLean, A. Santoni, E. Spiller, F. J. Himpsel, “Low-pass filter for soft x-ray monochromators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 1626–1628 (1990). [CrossRef]
  12. K. Rabinovitch, R. Canfield, R. P. Madden, “A method for measuring polarization in the vacuum ultraviolet,” Appl. Opt. 4, 1005–1010 (1965). [CrossRef]
  13. Janos Technology, Incorporated, Townsend, New York 05353-7702. The germanium plates were specified to parallelism within 3 arc min.
  14. G. Eppeldauer, J. E. Hardis, “Fourteen-decade photocurrent measurements with large-area silicon photodiodes at room temperature,” Appl. Opt. 30, 3091–3099 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Stycast 2850 FT epoxy, Gray Specialty Polymers, E. Z. Roberts and Associates, Culver City, Calif. 90232.
  16. These are type B uncertainties. We determined the expanded uncertainty by multiplying the combined standard uncertainty by 2. B. N. Taylor, C. E. Kuyatt , “Guidelines for evaluating and expressing the uncertainty of NIST measurement results,” Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. Tech. Note 1297 (1994).
  17. T. Germer, Optical Technology Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Md. 02889 (personal communication, 1997).
  18. J. M. Bennett, “Polarization,” in Handbook of Optics 1, M. Bass, ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1995), Chap. 5.
  19. Optics and Filters Oriel Corporation Catalog 3 (Oriel Corporation, Stratford, Conn., 1990).
  20. E. Collett, Polarized Light (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993).
  21. Optics Guide 5: The Melles-Griot Catalog (Melles-Griot, Irvine, Calif., 1990).
  22. D. Kliger, J. Lewis, C. Randall, Polarized Lights in Optics and Spectroscopy (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990).
  23. The Newport Catalog (Newport Corporation, Irvine, Calif., 1994); D. O’Shea, Elements of Modern Optical Design (Wiley, New York, 1985).
  24. R. Chipman, “Polarimetry,” in Handbook of Optics 2, M. Bass, ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1995), Chap. 22.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited