A simple fabrication technique of nonlinear optical structures for use with dye-doped polymer is described. Polymethylmethacrylate, U-100 polymer, and polystyrene were used as the host matrices to fabricate the nonlinear optical waveguide. The periodically poled nonlinear optical polymer structures and ridge-type channel structures were fabricated by direct electron-beam irradiation. The electron beam with 25 kV of energy was exposed directly onto the polymer films containing the nonlinear optical chromophores. We can also demonstrate the fabrication technique of the domain-inverted grating of dye-doped polystyrene film.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: July 23, 1997
Revised Manuscript: October 23, 1997
Published: March 1, 1998
Hideki Nakayama, Hisashi Fujimura, Chikara Egami, Okihiro Sugihara, Ryoka Matsushima, and Naomichi Okamoto, "Fabrication technique of a nonlinear optical structure using optical polymeric films by direct electron-beam irradiation," Appl. Opt. 37, 1213-1219 (1998)