Real-time measurement capability of a frequency-modulated filtered light-scattering- (FM FLS) Doppler velocimeter has been demonstrated. Doppler-shifted light from a frequency-modulated Ti:sapphire laser scattered from a supersonic flow is imaged through a potassium vapor cell and is detected by FM spectroscopy. The FM signal is used in closed-loop feedback control of the laser frequency to lock the Doppler-shifted scattered light to the resonance frequency of the filter. The difference between the filter resonance frequency and the laser frequency when the scattered light is frequency locked to the filter resonance is the flow-induced Doppler shift. Changes in flow velocity are tracked by changes in laser frequency, which is subsequently measured to obtain the Doppler shift. The frequency-locking capability of the technique was achieved with use of a simple analog controller. The random Doppler shift measurement errors (2σ) were approximately 20 MHz, which correspond to velocity measurement errors for the real-time measurement of less than 3% in a 10-Hz bandwidth.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: June 9, 1997
Revised Manuscript: November 6, 1997
Published: March 20, 1998
Jay H. Grinstead, Noah D. Finkelstein, and Walter R. Lempert, "Frequency-locked light scattering: real-time Doppler velocimetry with closed-loop feedback control," Appl. Opt. 37, 1617-1625 (1998)