OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 38, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 1999
  • pp: 126–135

Ring interferometer for two-sided measurement of the absolute lengths of end standards

Vladislav M. Khavinson  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 1, pp. 126-135 (1999)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (160 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Special features of a two-sided interferometer based on a ring optical scheme previously proposed [KhavinsonV. M.KhavinsonL. F., in Investigations in the Field of Length and Angle Measurements, GerasimovN. P., ed., Proceedings of the D. I. Mendeleyev Institute for Metrology (Energoatomizdat, Leningrad, 1983), pp. 14–18], which exploits an alternative measurement method to the conventional method for measuring absolutely the lengths of precision gauge blocks. Both measuring surfaces of a gauge are viewed directly without an auxiliary platen wrung onto one of them. The two-sided method results in improved consistency of measurement results because the elimination of wringing avoids the contact error that can occur in the gauge length obtained when the conventional method is used. A variety of means to control the optical phase differences in the interferometer are considered.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(120.3930) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrological instrumentation

Original Manuscript: April 30, 1998
Revised Manuscript: August 20, 1998
Published: January 1, 1999

Vladislav M. Khavinson, "Ring interferometer for two-sided measurement of the absolute lengths of end standards," Appl. Opt. 38, 126-135 (1999)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. F. H. Rolt, Gauges and Fine Measurements (Macmillan, London, 1929), Vol. 1.
  2. Organisation Internationale de Métrologie Légale, “End standards of length (gauge blocks),” (Bureau International de Métrologie Légale, Paris, 1981).
  3. C. Candler, Modern Interferometers (Hilger & Watts, Glasgow, UK, 1951).
  4. G. G. Hunzinger, “Un nouvel interféromètre à trois ondes,” Rev. Opt. 36, 285–291 (1957).
  5. P. Hariharan, D. Sen, “New gauge interferometer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 49, 232–234 (1959). [CrossRef]
  6. K. Dorenwendt, “Interferentielle Messung von nicht angeschobenen Parallelendmassen,” (Physikalisch Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany, 1973), Part 2, Section 1, p. 121.
  7. L. F. Khavinson, “On uncertainties in high-precision interferometric measurement of the length of gauge blocks,” in Metrology and Increase in Quality of Products Manufactured by Enterprises of Leningrad, Proceedings of the Seminar on Society Knowledge, 12–13 May 1980, B. N. Oleynik, A. V. Kotkov, eds. (Scientific Technical Popularization House, Leningrad, 1981), pp. 57–68 (in Russian).
  8. M. Dühmke, E. Engelhard, “Herstellung einer Einrichtung zur Bestimmung der Rauhigkeitskorrektion von Parallel-Endmassen,” (Physikalisch Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany, 1950), Vol. 7, No. 2, p. 4.
  9. E. Engelhard, “Precise interferometric measurement of gauge blocks,” in Metrology of Gauge Blocks, Proceedings of a Symposium on Gauge Blocks, 11–12 August 1955, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Circ.581, 1–20 (1957).
  10. M. Dühmke, W. Fischer, “Der Einfluss des Materials der Anschubplatte auf den gemessenen Endmasswert,” PTB-Mitteilungen 76, 519–521 (1966).
  11. C. F. Bruce, B. S. Thornton, “Adhesion and contact error in length metrology,” J. Appl. Phys. 27, 853–859 (1956). [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Sasada, “Variation in wringing film thickness between gauge blocks and base plates,” Bull. Natl. Res. Lab. Metrol. (Japan) 30, 8–15 (1975).
  13. A. Michel, “Incertitudes liées à l’utilisation de plans références en silice lors des mesures interférentielles de cales à bouts plans parallèles,” Bull. Bur. Natl. Metrol. (France) 16 (62), 3–11 (1985).
  14. H. Böhme, “Interferentielle Messung von Parallelendmassen aus Wolframkarbid bei Anschub auf Hilfsplatten aus nicht gleichem Werkstoff,” (Physikalisch Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany, 1974), Part 2, Section 1, p. 132.
  15. T. Kiyoji, F. Yasukharu, “Study of wringing gauge blocks,” J. Jpn. Soc. Precision Eng. 38, 155–160 (1972) (in Japanese). [CrossRef]
  16. K. Dorenwendt, “Über den Einfluss von Rauhen Oberflähen bei der Interferentiellen Längenmessung,” Optik (Stuttgart) 35, 9–16 (1972).
  17. E. G. Thwaite, “Phase correction in the interferometric measurement of end standards,” Metrologia 14, 53–62 (1978). [CrossRef]
  18. V. M. Khavinson, “On absolute methods for the length measurement of gauge blocks,” Izmer. Tekh. 1993 (8), 25–26.
  19. V. M. Khavinson, L. F. Khavinson, “Two-side interferometer for measuring the length of gauge blocks,” in Investigations in the Field of Length and Angle Measurements, Proceedings of the D. I. Mendeleyev Institute for Metrology, N. P. Gerasimov, ed. (Energoatomizdat, Leningrad, 1983), pp. 14–18 (in Russian).
  20. F. H. Rolt, “Use of light waves for controlling the accuracy of block gauges,” in Metrology of Gauge Blocks, Proceedings of a Symposium on Gauge Blocks, 11–12 August 1955, Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Circ.581, 27–41 (1957).
  21. J. Suska, “Interferentielle Längenmessung von Parallelendmassen bis zum Nennmass 1m,” Feingerätetechnik 18, 155–162 (1969).
  22. A. Michel, “Automation of length measurements which involve analysis of interference patterns,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 55, 860–865 (1984). [CrossRef]
  23. K. Jackson, D. J. Pugh, “New-NPL automatic gauge block interferometer,” Natl. Phys. Lab. News N365, 23–37 (1986).
  24. A. A. Bolonin, L. F. Vitushkin, T. I. Glosman, O. D. Glukhov, Yu. G. Zakharenko, N. A. Kalinin, G. I. Leibengardt, N. A. Melnikov, V. B. Piljushin, V. L. Phendorin, L. F. Khavinson, V. L. Shur, “The new primary standard of the length unit—meter,” in Current Problems of Improvement in Tools for Measuring Mechanical Quantities, Proceedings of the D. I. Mendeleyev Institute for Metrology, A. P. Stchjolkin, ed. (Energoatomizdat, Leningrad, 1986) pp. 4–10 (in Russian).
  25. E. Ikonen, K. Riski, “Gauge-block interferometer based on stabilized laser and a white-light source,” Metrologia 30, 95–104 (1993). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited