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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 38, Iss. 11 — Apr. 10, 1999
  • pp: 2171–2176

Subwavelength-resolvable focused non-Gaussian beam shaped with a binary diffractive optical element

Michael R. Wang and Xu Guang Huang  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 11, pp. 2171-2176 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.002171


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Abstract

The diffraction-limited spot size limits the optical disk storage capacity and microscopic resolution. We describe a technique to shape a focused Gaussian beam into a superresolving beam by using a diffractive optical element fabricated by laser-assisted chemical etching. The focused shaped beam has a smaller width and a longer depth of focus than a similarly focused Gaussian beam. Using the diffraction-limited shaped beam along with threshold writing, we achieved a written pit size of less than 0.33 µm at a 695-nm laser wavelength, compared with a 0.7-µm focused Gaussian spot size (full width at e-2 of the peak) with the same focusing lens. The energy conversion efficiency for the beam shaping was ∼81%.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1380) Diffraction and gratings : Binary optics
(050.1940) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(050.1970) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive optics
(140.3300) Lasers and laser optics : Laser beam shaping
(350.3950) Other areas of optics : Micro-optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 2, 1998
Revised Manuscript: December 15, 1998
Published: April 10, 1999

Citation
Michael R. Wang and Xu Guang Huang, "Subwavelength-resolvable focused non-Gaussian beam shaped with a binary diffractive optical element," Appl. Opt. 38, 2171-2176 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-38-11-2171

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